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(both: păch`o͝olē, pəcho͞o`lē), fragrant shrubby East Indian plant (Pogostemon cablin or P. patchouli) of the family Labiatae (mintmint,
in botany, common name for members of the Labiatae, a large family of chiefly annual or perennial herbs. Several species are shrubby or climbing forms or, rarely, small trees.
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 family). It is the source of a perfume oil, also called patchouli, distilled from the leaves. In its native Indomalesian region it has been used also as an insecticide and leech repellent and to soothe menstrual cramps. Patchouli is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Lamiales, family Labiatae.
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In the mint family, with recognizable pink-white mint flowers on erect stems. Strong smell used in perfumes, keeping insects away, including moths and some termites. Good for linen closets. Native to tropical areas, needs warmth, can grow indoors. Used to treat dysentery, diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea. Aromatherapy calms nerves, aphrodisiac.



(Pogostemon patehouli, or Mentha cablin), a tropical plant of the family Labiatae. Patchouli is a subshrub with a height and diameter of 70–100 cm. The roots are fibrous. The opposite leaves are broadly ovate, dentate, and fragrant. The white or pale lilac flowers are gathered into racemes, each having ten to 15 whorls. The corolla measures 8.5–10 mm across. The fruits are nutlets. For good growth, the temperature should be higher than 20°C (at temperatures below 0°C the plant freezes), and the soil should have a high moisture content.

Patchouli is native to the Philippines. It is cultivated on the tropical islands of Java, Sumatra, Réunion, Singapore, the Seychelles, and the Philippines. In the Abkhazian ASSR the plant is raised as an annual by rooting cuttings in greenhouses and planting seedlings in the ground. It is cultivated for the essential oil contained in the green or dried mass; the oil is used in perfume. The green mass contains 0.25 percent oil, the principal components of which are patchouli alcohol and sesquiterpene. In India, patchouli oil is used for therapeutic purposes.

The plant is harvested in mid-October. The average yield of green mass is 4 tons per hectare (up to 10 kg of essential oil). A similar species is P. hegneanus.


Volkhovskaia, U. V., and E. S. Milianovskii. Agrotekhnika pachuli. Sukhumi, 1957.
Efiromaslichnye kul’tury. Moscow, 1963.


References in periodicals archive ?
The researchers applied patchouli oil for 2 hours before UV exposure to the dorsal depilated skin of mice.
Preparations contain patchouli oil, patchouli alcohol; and/or relevant derivatives thereof are effective for inhibiting the asexual propagation of fungi and preventing the adhesion of microorganisms to surfaces, and filtering the media, adhesives, building materials, building auxiliaries, and for laundry detergents, cleaning compositions, rinse agents, fabric treatment compositions, hand washing compositions, manual dishwashing detergents, machine dishwashing detergents, cosmetic compositions, pharmaceutical compositions, oral hygiene compositions, dental care compositions, and denture care compositions that contain such preparations.
The new limited edition Patchouli & Saffron Collection is available now, priced between Au18 and Au53.
Choose from five sensual scents - Red Roses, Black Violet, Cyclamen and Gardenia, Cedar Wood and Patchouli.
Entice Him' is aptly created with infusions of bergamot, vetiver, patchouli and white musk, thus allowing the male to relish the memorable and treasured joy that comes from Entice, he added.
The 40th anniversary of Woodstock has just passed with hardly a whiff of patchouli oil or a Jimi Hendrix rendition of the Star Spangled Banner.
Every day he wore patchouli oil - you know, actors use certain ways to take them to a place.
For other, crunchier homos, May marks the beginning of music festival season--the time to let down your underarm hair and take a deep breath of patchouli.
Top Heart Base for himCalabrian Lemon, Kalamanzi, Tagette, Sage, Praline, Cinnamon, Tolu Balsam, Black Cardamom, Palissander Wood, Black Amber, Patchouli and Ebony Wood
Combining patchouli, sandalwood and incense with amber, nutmeg and freesia, the fragrance is a nod to her two favourites Guerlain l'Heure Bleue and Penhaligon's Bluebell.
Rich, woody aromas are reminiscent of grandfather's wisdom; fresh energetic citrus blends can capture the excitement of a new father; warm sandalwood or spicy patchouli can recall a strong connection with dad.