patella

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patella

(pətĕl`ə): see kneecapkneecap
(patella), saucer-shaped bone at the front of the knee joint; it protects the ends of the femur, or thighbone, and the tibia, the large bone of the foreleg. The kneecap is embedded in the tendon tissue of the quadriceps femoris, a large thigh muscle.
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patella

[pə′tel·ə]
(anatomy)
A sesamoid bone in front of the knee, developed in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle. Also known as kneecap.

patella

1. Anatomy a small flat triangular bone in front of and protecting the knee joint
2. Biology a cuplike structure, such as the spore-producing body of certain ascomycetous fungi
3. Archaeol a small pan
References in periodicals archive ?
Patellar tendon tissue was obtained from 10 males with healthy patellar tendons (CON) and 10 males with patellar tendinopathy (PT).
We hypothesized that the fixation of osteochondral fracture in adolescent patients with patellar dislocation was not necessary when the fracture did not involve the bearing surface of the knee.
(36),(37) then started using an optic fiber force transducer that was passed through the patellar tendon with a hollow needle to measure tendon tension during different jump tasks, such as hopping and squat jumps.
Indoor and outdoor patients presenting with history of or clinical features of patellar dislocation.
Patellar translation was defined as the distance between the most medial point of the patella and a line drawn at the most medial point of the femoral trochlea.
Complications associated with corrective surgery for patellar luxation in 109 dogs.
An abnormally shallow trochlear sulcus has been reported to be an important factor in patellar instability [16, 17].
Although various landmark guidelines, such as the medial-lateral (side-to-side) extents, have been suggested for performing the patellar cut, the ultimate goal is to be parallel to the anterior surface, producing a visually rectangular cut, with equal thicknesses in all quadrants [13].
The high energy nature of the athletic injury is associated with compartment syndrome from bleeding into the anterior compartment, vascular injury [6], patellar tendon avulsion [7], and meniscal injury--exhibited only with fracture types that extend intra-articularly [8].
Instead, the whole extensor apparatus was resected in its entire length including distal part of quadriceps tendon, patella, and patellar ligament through a midline anterior approach (Figure 2).