patella

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patella

(pətĕl`ə): see kneecapkneecap
(patella), saucer-shaped bone at the front of the knee joint; it protects the ends of the femur, or thighbone, and the tibia, the large bone of the foreleg. The kneecap is embedded in the tendon tissue of the quadriceps femoris, a large thigh muscle.
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patella

[pə′tel·ə]
(anatomy)
A sesamoid bone in front of the knee, developed in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle. Also known as kneecap.

patella

1. Anatomy a small flat triangular bone in front of and protecting the knee joint
2. Biology a cuplike structure, such as the spore-producing body of certain ascomycetous fungi
3. Archaeol a small pan
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, we compared the morphology and function of the VMO between patients with recurrent patellar dislocation and healthy volunteers, using MRI and DTI examination.
Differential diagnosis of the patellar luxation includes avascular necrosis of the femoral head, coxofemoral luxation, and joint distortion (Belge et al.
Pes anserinus transposition for patellar dislocation.
Changes in Morphological and Elastic Properties of Patellar Tendon in Athletes with Unilateral Patellar Tendinopathy and Their Relationships with Pain and Functional Disability.
The results were evaluated using preoperative and postoperative radiographic diagnostics and physical examinations, including: patellar apprehension test, lateral glide and patellar tilt test, as well as Lysholm score [10].
Open patellar tendon surgery includes a longitudinal incision made distally from the inferior patellar pole, where pathological tissue is removed (Bahr et al.
Here, we present the case of a patient who underwent surgical treatment for medial patellofemoral ligament injury-associated acute patellar dislocation in addition to anterior cruciate ligament and medial collateral ligament injury after knee dislocation.
Patellar tendon morphological properties were subjected to the same procedures described above for VL architecture in terms of data collection in order to obtain the ultrasound images and during data analysis.
Patient refused aspiration biopsy and DECT for the patellar lesion owing to his previous experiences and met the
In group I, recumbent open method of medial patellar desmotomy was advocated while in group II recumbent closed method of medial patellar desmotomy was applied.
A 2 cm incision along the lateral border of the patella was made where manual exploration revealed that the patella was incarcerated in the lateral patellar retinaculum and locked against the lateral femoral condyle.