patella

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patella

(pətĕl`ə): see kneecapkneecap
(patella), saucer-shaped bone at the front of the knee joint; it protects the ends of the femur, or thighbone, and the tibia, the large bone of the foreleg. The kneecap is embedded in the tendon tissue of the quadriceps femoris, a large thigh muscle.
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patella

[pə′tel·ə]
(anatomy)
A sesamoid bone in front of the knee, developed in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle. Also known as kneecap.

patella

1. Anatomy a small flat triangular bone in front of and protecting the knee joint
2. Biology a cuplike structure, such as the spore-producing body of certain ascomycetous fungi
3. Archaeol a small pan
References in periodicals archive ?
When patella alta is present, the patella becomes engaged with greater degrees of knee flexion.
This angle is formed by the intersection of a line from the ASIS to the patella and a line from the patella to the tibial tubercle.
Most acute patellar dislocations spontaneously reduce and the patient may not be able to tell you that the patella dislocated.
The lateral view allows for assessment of patella alta or baja, based on the Insall-Salvati ratio.
30) The classic "kissing lesion" bone bruises on the lateral femoral condyle and the medial patella result from the lateral dislocation of the patella and its relocation.
On these images, the patella should remain centered in the trochlear groove through its full range of motion.
Direct injuries result from a lateral blow to the patella, which forces it laterally.
Occasionally, a patient may present with the patella dislocated.
The accepted indications for surgery in the acute setting are osteochondral fragments, persistent patellar subluxation and detachment of the VMO and medial retinaculum from the medial aspect of the patella.

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