patrician


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patrician

(pətrĭsh`ən), member of the privileged class of ancient Rome. Two distinct classes appear to have come into being at the beginning of the republic. Only the patricians held public office, whether civil or religious. From the 4th cent. B.C. the plebeians struggled constantly for political equality until, by the 3d cent. B.C., the only offices reserved to the patricians were the civil office of interrex and some priestly offices. The increasing number of plebs in office together with patricians gave rise to the nobiles, an aristocracy of ruling families of both classes. Caesar and Augustus promoted plebeians to the patrician class. External marks of a patrician were a distinctive tunic and a shoe adorned with an ivory crescent.
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patrician

1. a member of the hereditary aristocracy of ancient Rome. In the early republic the patricians held almost all the higher offices
2. a high nonhereditary title awarded by Constantine and his eastern Roman successors for services to the empire
3. in medieval Europe
a. a title borne by numerous princes including several emperors from the 8th to the 12th centuries
b. a member of the upper class in numerous Italian republics and German free cities
4. (esp in ancient Rome) of, relating to, or composed of patricians
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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On one level, Brian Young's Patrician Families and the Making of Quebec: The Taschereaus and the McCords represents a challenge to two major interpretations of Quebec history: the Laurentian thesis and the Quebec nationalist perspective.
It's amazing that this sickly young composer could have poured so many notes into the final year of his life, and to expend so much wisdom too, and Paul Lewis, one of our most patrician of pianists, finds so many insights into these works.
The proofs were assessed by the Avogaria di Comune, a kind of supreme court of patrician lawyers appointed by the Council of Ten.
5.45 THE HERMITAGE, 6.15 CHANTILLY PEARL, 6.50 FLAME OF GIBRALTAR, 7.25 DONA ALBA, 8.00 ON OUR WAY (NAP), 8.30 ZELOS GIRL DOUBLE: ON OUR WAY and SONNY SAM (4.55 York) NORTHERN CORRESPONDENT: 5.45 THE HERMITAGE, 6.15 PAQUERETTZA, 8.00 PATRICIAN'S GLORY
One of the top three is the Gateway area land on which the Patrician, a mobile home park for people 55 and older, sits.
Although you've maintained a patrician image, you've always been open about your sexual histories and desires--hustlers, unsafe sex, masochism, phone sex, enemas, and endless tricking.
He was tall and graceful, willowy in the languid, patrician manner of old money, old power, and that easygoing confidence that derives from both.
Jim Patrician of Algonquin and Jonathan Radke of Carpentersville are seeking the Republican nomination for the Kane County Board District 23 seat, which covers parts of Algonquin and Carpentersville.
If councilors Dave Ralston and John Woodrow do not withdraw from the Springfield Conference Center Consortium's board of directors, residents of the seniors-only Patrician Manufactured Homes park say they will take their objection to the state Government Standards and Practices Commission.
Margaret King's monumental study of the intellectual formation of the Venetian ruling class (Venetian Humanism in an Age of Patrician Dominance, 1986) maps the classical revival and its impact in Venice through an examination of the correspondence and other writings of the members of the patriciate.
After reviewing the survey results, WPS confirmed that -- under its brands Patrician, Utica, and Velux; licensed programs of Sanderson, Designers Guild and Joe Boxer; and private-label products for Sears, J.C.
By the same token, our materials offer a new perspective on plebeian culture in eighteenth-century London, and on the extent to which it intersected with the high or patrician culture of the country's elites.