patron-client relationship

patron-client relationship

any continuing relationship, often contractual, in which a powerful or influential person provides rewards and services to humbler and weaker persons in return for loyalty and support, and perhaps also including the reciprocal exchange of some services. Such relationships are found especially in simple or traditional societies; similar relationships may also exist between states.

The concept may cover personalized relationships and include instances where both coercion and consent are involved. It has been of particular importance in understanding relationships of the peasantry (see PEASANTS) with other groups in society such as landlords or politicians. Usually the patron provides favours, services or protection in return for loyalty, political support, and maybe economic control. This relationship may extend outside the peasantry to a style of national politics in which electoral support is gained through fostering patron-client relationships, with a politician either giving or promising favours. Thus a system of clientelism may be one way of incorporating a wide population into national politics. Mouzelis (1986) discusses this and contrasts it with POPULISM as a form of political incorporation in parts of Latin America and the Balkans.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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The patron-client relationship between India and America is getting through stress and strain.
Thus a patron-client relationship emerged between the two countries.
This chapter also reflects on the economic plan in the shape of a document called Vision 2030 which questions the patron-client relationship that the Saudi regime has built over time.
People are often blinded to personalised solutions' to a public problem such as a politician's donation.Our politics is basically based on a patron-client relationship, where politicians are expected to give material favours to the electorate.
'The patron-client relationship continues to explain the conduct of many Umno party members of the older generation as well as the members of other BN parties.
Retired generals and active-duty military officers are long known to have close ties with companies and conglomerates which, in this rubric of patron-client relationship, allows wealthy businessmen to have a share in military resources and establish strong business partnerships with ethnic elites and the NLD'S quasi-civilian government.
This patron-client relationship has corrupted the democratic system in both countries.
Vicente Rafael writes that 'the patron-client relationship between God and king has a long history, stretching back to the Reconquista of the Middle Ages...
Fakhar Bilal, department of History, Royal Holloway University of London presented his paper on Mushroom Growth of Madrassasa in Pakistan: A Patron-Client Relationship in Urban Sindh, he said the word Madrsa do generate huge complexity, negative propaganda and curiosity among scholars of regional and international community since 9/11.
Becoming a "friend" of the Soviet Union could result in a patron-client relationship that exchanged status and recognition in the USSR for loyalty and public support abroad.
Relationships of that sort rarely go past the patron-client relationship. How often does one see a boy neatly dressed in well-known designer brands playing ball with a poorly dressed counterpart?
In the last six years, a patron-client relationship between Moscow and the North Caucasus has been established.