patron

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patron

[Lat.,=like a father], one who lends influential support to some person, cause, art or institution. Patronage existed in various ancient cultures but was primarily a Roman institution. In Roman law the lord was patronus (protector or defender) in relation to his freedmen and to others, known as his clients, whom he represented in the senate and before tribunals. Under the Roman Empire the term was applied to persons like MaecenasMaecenas
(Caius Maecenas) , d. 8 B.C., Roman statesman and patron of letters. He was born (between 74 B.C. and 64 B.C.) into a wealthy family and was a trusted adviser of Octavian (Augustus), who employed Maecenas as his personal representative for various political missions.
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 who supported artists and writers. Perhaps the most munificent patronage occurred in Italy during the RenaissanceRenaissance
[Fr.,=rebirth], term used to describe the development of Western civilization that marked the transition from medieval to modern times. This article is concerned mainly with general developments and their impact in the fields of science, rhetoric, literature, and
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 under patrons such as the MediciMedici
, Italian family that directed the destinies of Florence from the 15th cent. until 1737. Of obscure origin, they rose to immense wealth as merchants and bankers, became affiliated through marriage with the major houses of Europe, and, besides acquiring (1569) the title
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, the SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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, and many popes. Francis IFrancis I,
1494–1547, king of France (1515–47), known as Francis of Angoulême before he succeeded his cousin and father-in-law, King Louis XII. Wars with the Holy Roman Emperor
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 of France and his sister Margaret of NavarreMargaret of Navarre
or Margaret of Angoulême
, 1492–1549, queen consort of Navarre; sister of King Francis I of France. After the death of her first husband she married (1527) Henri d'Albret, king of Navarre; their daughter was Jeanne d'Albret.
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 were distinguished patrons of art and letters; a famous English patron was Lord ChesterfieldChesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th earl of,
1694–1773, English statesman and author. A noted wit and orator, his long public career, begun in 1715, included an ambassadorship to The Hague (1728–32), a
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. Since ancient times Christians have honored patron saints as tutelary guardians of persons, institutions, places, and crafts. Historically, artists have depended on institutional (e.g., government and church) as well as individual patronage; Picasso's Guernica and Chagall's stained glass windows are examples of commissioned works. Universities and private foundations have also become important sources of patronage for artists.

patron

1. a customer of a shop, hotel, etc., esp a regular one
2. See patron saint
3. (in ancient Rome) the protector of a dependant or client, often the former master of a freedman still retaining certain rights over him
4. Christianity a person or body having the right to present a clergyman to a benefice
References in periodicals archive ?
On one hand Bilawal is admitting the presence of Daish in Sindh and on other hand the PPP's ministers are patronizing its terrorists who are killing innocent people" he claimed.
However, he cautions against patronizing a business just because it's black-owned.
Ali Bin Abdulkhaliq Al-Qarni has expressed his thanks to Madinah Governor for patronizing this forum, which is the first of its kind in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States.
On this occasion, Prince Faisal bin Khalid bin Abdulaziz, Governor of Asir Region and Chairman of the Award, thanked the Crown Prince for patronizing the Award which reflects the leadership's support for charitable works.
Abdul-Ilah bin Abdulaziz Banajah expressed his thanks to and appreciation of the Prince for patronizing the ceremony and supporting the University.
The Commander of the Air Defense Forces Lieutenant General Mohammed bin Awadh Suheim expressed his thanks to and appreciation of the Prince for patronizing the ceremony, noting that his presence highlights the great attention paid by the Saudi leadership to the Armed Forces for their constant development and progress.
Abdulaziz bin Ibrahim Al-Hudaithi expressed his thanks to and appreciation of the Prince for patronizing the ceremony.
Mazen Faqih expressed his thanks to and appreciation of the Prince for patronizing the graduation ceremony, praising the Prince's great interest in the preparation of Saudi cadres working in the field of medical science to meet the needs of the labor market.
Huda bint Mohammed Al-Ameel expressed her thanks to and appreciation of the Princess for patronizing the graduation ceremony.
The Commander of Installations Security Forces Major General Sd bin Mohammed Al-Majed expressed his thanks to and appreciation of the Prince for patronizing the event, commending his continuing support for all sectors of the Ministry of Interior.
Khalid bin Sd Al-Aqil expressed his thanks to and appreciation of the Prince for patronizing the three-day event, noting that the Conference aims to develop strategies and scientific and practical plans for industrial security.
Abdulilah bin Abdulaziz Banajah has expressed his thanks to and appreciation of Prince Khalid for patronizing the ceremony, commending the substantial support provided for the University by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud.