pauperism


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pauperism:

see poor lawpoor law,
in English history, legislation relating to public assistance for the poor. Early measures to relieve pauperism were usually designed to suppress vagrancy and begging.
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Pauperism

 

extreme poverty among working people, the absence of the most essential necessities of life among masses of the population in societies based on private ownership of the means of production, inequality of property, and exploitation of some classes by others.

In capitalist society, pauperism is the inevitable result of the universal law of capital accumulation. As K. Marx observed, “Pauperism is the hospital of the active labor-army and the dead weight of the industrial reserve army. Its production is included in that of the relative surplus-population, its necessity in theirs. Along with the relative surplus-population, pauperism forms a condition of capitalist production, and of the capitalist development of wealth” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, pp. 658–59). In the age of the general crisis of capitalism, mass unemployment has acquired a chronic character and creeping inflation has become an inevitable feature of the capitalist economy, which is increasingly dominated by the military sector. Under these conditions, the robbing of workers by monopolies has increased, thereby engendering pauperism.

References in periodicals archive ?
The New York Free School Society and the Society for the Prevention of Pauperism both employed the doctrine of parens patriae to justify the public's intervention on behalf of children who were not receiving a proper education.
Yule is better known perhaps for his work in Economics where he documented a positive correlation between the degree of pauperism in a district and the generosity of provision of food for the poor; this was used to argue that there was a causal relationship between the generosity of such relief and the degree of pauperism in Yule (1899).
DUGDALE, THE JUKES: A STUDY IN CRIME, PAUPERISM, DISEASE, AND HEREDITY 51 (4th ed.
21) Pauperism, on the other hand, was the "consequence of wilful error, of shameful indolence, of vicious habits.
He preaches and dictates laws which punish injustice and mean-spiritedness at the same time that they defend and uplift society's victims, whom we can only assume are people just like him, suffering from pauperism, overwork and general neglect.
The former includes economic inequality or property incomes etc in addition to social inequality such as dependence or exploitation while Pauperism denotes ones inability to maintain at the level conventionally regarded as minimal.
The Constitution of the Female Hebrew Society further tells us that the Society sought to protect the poor without encouraging pauperism.
Poynter's claim, in Society and Pauperism, that with respect to the period 1798 to 1836 '[i]f we are to judge influence by fame, then Malthus's contribution to shaping opinion on pauperism was incomparable' (pp.
Alexis de Tocqueville, in his magisterial Memoir on Pauperism (the piece with which I open my social welfare course), anticipates and discusses both these questions.
Condorcet and Paine may have demonstrated that traditional attitudes toward poverty were no longer tenable, but no influential thinker picked up on their solution to eliminate pauperism through the innovation of social security.
In short, Hack's third chapter is a brilliant piece of work, accounting as it does for the dangerously porous boundary between professional authorship and disreputable pauperism in the Victorian age.