pauperism


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pauperism:

see poor lawpoor law,
in English history, legislation relating to public assistance for the poor. Early measures to relieve pauperism were usually designed to suppress vagrancy and begging.
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Pauperism

 

extreme poverty among working people, the absence of the most essential necessities of life among masses of the population in societies based on private ownership of the means of production, inequality of property, and exploitation of some classes by others.

In capitalist society, pauperism is the inevitable result of the universal law of capital accumulation. As K. Marx observed, “Pauperism is the hospital of the active labor-army and the dead weight of the industrial reserve army. Its production is included in that of the relative surplus-population, its necessity in theirs. Along with the relative surplus-population, pauperism forms a condition of capitalist production, and of the capitalist development of wealth” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, pp. 658–59). In the age of the general crisis of capitalism, mass unemployment has acquired a chronic character and creeping inflation has become an inevitable feature of the capitalist economy, which is increasingly dominated by the military sector. Under these conditions, the robbing of workers by monopolies has increased, thereby engendering pauperism.

References in periodicals archive ?
34) He concludes: 'The moral effects we find to have been increased misery and recklessness, showing itself in increased pauperism and drunkenness.
As a result of grim pauperism, the solitary as well as family group suicidal rate has risen.
If you recall, Rush gaming abandoned its initial Massachusetts proposal to site the parlor in Worcester when it became evident that the quickest path to pauperism for a billionaire is to horse-trade with Worcester politicians.
A persistent abhorrence for the English Poor Laws and fear of pauperism, as well as a loathing of asylums, drove early interventions in welfare, along with the old moral and social divisions between deserving and undeserving, and the inclusions and exclusions (most particularly of Aboriginal people and Asians).
Dugdale's 1877 book, "The Jukes": A Study in Crime, Pauperism, Disease and Heredity, Arthur Estabrook's update, The Jukes in 1915, and Henry Goddard's The Kallikak Family: A Study in the Heredity of Feeble-Mindedness (1912).
He also continued to study and write on the subject of poverty and its relief; he was instrumental in the founding of the Association of Benevolent Societies of Boston and the Boston Society for the Prevention of Pauperism.
The Commedia reflects then the dispute between pauperism and bourgeois values of effectiveness which dominated the latter part of Middle Ages in Italy and abroad and found religious and cultural expression in the birth of the order of the Minor Friars and, subsequently, in the fight for the survival of the spiritual wing of the movement.
In an address to the House of Lords in 1889, Wemyss noted the abject failure of temperance legislation on the other side of the Atlantic" "Crime, madness, pauperism, and .
widespread pauperism, which meant that a large parr of the population
25) For those within the House of Refuge movement, poverty and crime were virtually synonymous: "Unattended pauperism was thought to ripen into criminality, and uncontrolled criminality--particularly vagrancy, beggary and minor thefts--swelled the ranks of paupers who had to be supported in public institutions.
Of particular interest in this chapter is Riall's discussion of the system of order and control to regulate pauperism and crime in both cities and the countryside.
England prospered in the nineteenth century but pauperism grew alongside.