pause

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pause

1. Prosody another word for caesura
2. Music a continuation of a note or rest beyond its normal length.

Pause

 

an interruption in the flow of speech. A distinction is made between logical pauses, which are determined entirely by syntax, and rhythmic pauses, which depend not on syntax but on a rhythmic impulse. Logical pauses are encountered in all kinds of speech, and rhythmic pauses only in versified speech.

In quantitative versification (for example, the choral lyrics of the Greeks), a pause may be a structural element of a line of verse: it has a definite length and replaces a certain number of syllables of the same length. In tonic versification (for example, Russian verse), where the length of syllables is not regulated, a pause may be merely an element of demarcation in a line of verse. It denotes various obligatory word divisions (for example, at the end of a line or a caesura)—that is, it is associated not with versification but with declamation. Nonetheless, some prosodists (G. A. Shengeli, A. P. Kviatkovskii, and S. V. Shervinskii) consider it feasible to regard the pause as a structural element even in tonic verse, chiefly in the dol’nik (a Russian poetic meter).

REFERENCES

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.
Shervinskii, S. Khudozhestvennoe chtenie. Moscow, 1935.
Shervinskii, S. Ritm i smysl. Moscow, 1961.
Kviatkovskii, A. Poeticheskii slovar’. Moscow, 1976.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Based on the high correlation between speech rate and pausal phenomena, it is expected that speech rate reset will be higher at narrative boundaries than elsewhere in a narrative text.
Degree of accommodation seems to be more related to CA/UEA convergence than to markedness and salience per se, except in the case of pausal imalah (F5).
In both scenarios, however, the still unwritten historical linguistics of pausal forms becomes crucial.
With respect to the Jabal Usays inscription, the main piece of evidence is the spelling of words in their pausal form, which can hardly count as evidence of an inflectionless spoken language.
Just as he disfigured the League Cup final at Wembley between these teams 18 months ago with his meno- pausal agitation, Gascoigne appeared hellbent on self-destruction on Saturday.
Fischer suggests that forms with final /'/or/h/ were pausal forms that were extended to non-pausal contexts (Fischer 1959: 59).
Evidence from the Onomasticon proves that sixty-five percent of segolates are pausal forms, which are older: CaCeC; thirty-five percent are CeCeC.
lowering of this still accented [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] in closed syllables to [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], a development that is confirmed, and can be dated posterior to pausal lengthening, by Blau's (1981) brilliant recognition of additional input to it (i.
The amazing way she has coped argues strongly for allowing post-meno- pausal
Consider the pausal form for "hand": yad, written <yd>.
why is the Akkadian word for "blood" cited in the nominative with mimation--damum, paralleling the citation of the Ugaritic damu, yet Arabic is cited in its pausal form--dam--rather than with the matching damun in the nominative indefinite?
Chapters four through six deal with Saadia's particulars of grammar: sounds, word formation, morphological ramifications, creation by analogy, verb, voices and tenses, contextual and pausal forms.