pause


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pause

1. Prosody another word for caesura
2. Music a continuation of a note or rest beyond its normal length.

Pause

 

an interruption in the flow of speech. A distinction is made between logical pauses, which are determined entirely by syntax, and rhythmic pauses, which depend not on syntax but on a rhythmic impulse. Logical pauses are encountered in all kinds of speech, and rhythmic pauses only in versified speech.

In quantitative versification (for example, the choral lyrics of the Greeks), a pause may be a structural element of a line of verse: it has a definite length and replaces a certain number of syllables of the same length. In tonic versification (for example, Russian verse), where the length of syllables is not regulated, a pause may be merely an element of demarcation in a line of verse. It denotes various obligatory word divisions (for example, at the end of a line or a caesura)—that is, it is associated not with versification but with declamation. Nonetheless, some prosodists (G. A. Shengeli, A. P. Kviatkovskii, and S. V. Shervinskii) consider it feasible to regard the pause as a structural element even in tonic verse, chiefly in the dol’nik (a Russian poetic meter).

REFERENCES

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.
Shervinskii, S. Khudozhestvennoe chtenie. Moscow, 1935.
Shervinskii, S. Ritm i smysl. Moscow, 1961.
Kviatkovskii, A. Poeticheskii slovar’. Moscow, 1976.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
There is no difference in retention of flatfishes (scallops) relative to pause length at a significance level of [alpha] = 0.
To sum up, while previous pause studies adopt various and relatively long pause thresholds due to practical reasons, computer logging tools enable L2 writing researchers to examine pauses of shorter thresholds for better understandings of L2 writers' pausing behavior as well as their process management behind these pauses.
In the US Fifth Fleet, due to our continuing role in the fight to annihilate ISIS (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria), the pause will be co-ordinated with other joint forces assigned to US Central Command to minimise impact to ongoing operations.
The opportunity to pause and disconnect, especially given how rapid my decision-making has to be throughout the day: Yes.
Even then, the magical pause can strengthen the punch line.
Calling on all parties to the conflict to suspend military operations during the pause and refrain from exploiting the pause to move weapons or seize territory, the UN chief appealed to the parties to exercise maximum restraint in cases of isolated violations and to avoid escalation.
The growing number of civilian casualties, including the disturbing reports of civilian deaths in Mokha on Friday evening, in the unfolding humanitarian catastrophe make a pause and an eventual extension an imperative.
The statement noted that the growing number of civilian casualties, including disturbing reports of civilian deaths in Mokha on Friday evening, in the unfolding humanitarian catastrophe make a pause and an eventual extension an imperative.
The Un chief also called on all the conflict parties to suspend military operations during the pause and refrain from exploiting the pause to move weapons or seize territory.
NEW YORK (CyHAN)- UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is "disappointed" that the humanitarian pause did not take hold over the weekend in Yemen, his spokesperson said Monday, but some humanitarian aid did get through.
NEW YORK/JEDDAH: The UN said it expects an unconditional weeklong humanitarian pause in the fighting in Yemen starting Friday (today) to allow the delivery of assistance to some of the 21 million people in need.
said it expects an unconditional weeklong humanitarian pause in the fighting in Yemen to start Friday to allow the delivery of aid to some of the 21 million people in need.