pause


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pause

1. Prosody another word for caesura
2. Music a continuation of a note or rest beyond its normal length.

Pause

 

an interruption in the flow of speech. A distinction is made between logical pauses, which are determined entirely by syntax, and rhythmic pauses, which depend not on syntax but on a rhythmic impulse. Logical pauses are encountered in all kinds of speech, and rhythmic pauses only in versified speech.

In quantitative versification (for example, the choral lyrics of the Greeks), a pause may be a structural element of a line of verse: it has a definite length and replaces a certain number of syllables of the same length. In tonic versification (for example, Russian verse), where the length of syllables is not regulated, a pause may be merely an element of demarcation in a line of verse. It denotes various obligatory word divisions (for example, at the end of a line or a caesura)—that is, it is associated not with versification but with declamation. Nonetheless, some prosodists (G. A. Shengeli, A. P. Kviatkovskii, and S. V. Shervinskii) consider it feasible to regard the pause as a structural element even in tonic verse, chiefly in the dol’nik (a Russian poetic meter).

REFERENCES

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.
Shervinskii, S. Khudozhestvennoe chtenie. Moscow, 1935.
Shervinskii, S. Ritm i smysl. Moscow, 1961.
Kviatkovskii, A. Poeticheskii slovar’. Moscow, 1976.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
In a statement issued by his spokesperson in New York, the secretary-general welcomed the announcement by the Saudi-led Coalition of a five-day, renewable humanitarian pause set to commence Sunday, 26 July, at 4:59 pm Eastern Standard Time (EST) -- 02: 59 a.
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Stephane Dujarric, Spokesperson for the Secretary-General, told a press briefing, "The Secretary-General is very, very much disappointed that the humanitarian pause did not take hold over the weekend, in Yemen.
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Despite the lack of understanding as to what motivates a specific pause during text production, researchers have adopted pauses as an indicator of cognitive effort in translation as well.
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Thus, when the current speaker reaches the end of his turn, the current listener may step in with a minimum overlap or gap (when no pause is intended).
99) lets you pause and rewind live listening for up to 60 minutes.
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