peach

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peach,

fruit tree (Prunus persica) of the family Rosaceae (roserose,
common name for some members of the Rosaceae, a large family of herbs, shrubs, and trees distributed over most of the earth, and for plants of the genus Rosa, the true roses.
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 family) having decorative pink blossoms and a juicy, sweet drupe fruit. The peach appears to have originated in China, where it was mentioned in literature several centuries before Christ. It was introduced into Persia before Christian times and was spread by the Romans throughout Europe. Several of its horticultural varieties were brought by the Spanish to North America, where it became naturalized as far north as Pennsylvania by the late 17th cent. The numerous varieties of peaches under cultivation are generally distinguished as clingstone or freestone; the latter include the famous Elberta peach. The nectarinenectarine
, name for a tree (Prunus persica var. nectarina) of the family Rosaceae (rose family) and for its fruit, a smooth-skinned variety of the peach. The nectarine is a classical example of bud variation (see mutation).
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 is a smooth-skinned peach with both freestone and clingstone varieties. In the United States commercial peach production centers in California and in the S Atlantic states. Elsewhere the peach is cultivated in S Europe, Africa, Japan, and Australia. The tree is prey to frost and is attacked by various fungi, virus diseases, and insect pests, against all of which careful precautions must be taken by growers. Purple-leaved and double-flowering forms are cultivated as ornamentals. In China where the flower is much used in decoration it is considered a symbol of longevity. The peach is closely related to other species of Prunus—e.g., the cherry, plum, and almond—of which Darwin thought the peach was an ancient variety. Peaches are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Rosales, family Rosaceae.
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peach

peach

Both the fruit and the tree bark are used medicinally. Very high in potassium, which helps prolong life and is good for fatigue, anxiety, muscle weakness, skin problems, poor memory, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, congestive heart failure or heart deterioration and ringing/ vibration in the ears. High fiber, good for heart, cholesterol, prostate* and colon. Protects against ulcers and inflammation. Lots of vitamin A, lycopene and lutein which are great for eyes (cataracts, macular degeneration), cancer, heart disease. Also iron. Used for brain/mind/ memory, chronic fatigue, colon/bowel/intestines, cramps, fiber, muscle relaxer, nerves, skin, sore throat, bronchitis, coughs, spasms, chest complaints, expectorant, stomach ulcers, tumors, urinary tract, diuretic, kidney, bladder, cleans toxins, vomiting, morning sickness, sedative. Lance-shaped leaves, 5-petal pink flowers.

peach

[pēch]
(botany)
Prunus persica. A low, spreading, freely branching tree of the order Rosales, cultivated in less rigorous parts of the temperate zone for its edible fruit, a juicy drupe with a single large seed, a pulpy yellow or white mesocarp, and a thin firm epicarp.

peach

1. a small rosaceous tree, Prunus persica, with pink flowers and rounded edible fruit: cultivated in temperate regions
2. the soft juicy fruit of this tree, which has a downy reddish-yellow skin, yellowish-orange sweet flesh, and a single stone
3. 
a. a pinkish-yellow to orange colour
b. (as adjective): a peach dress
References in periodicals archive ?
Scorza and colleagues have developed a columnar peach tree shape.
A survey in April 1992 showed that among ELISA-tested nursery stock, only 2 peach trees tested positive to PDV and 3 to ringspot - out of 210 tested.
If the peach trees weren't there, the beneficials would leave the orchard.
Over half, or about 760,000, of the commercial peach trees grown in central Georgia--and 20 percent of those in Alabama and South Carolina--are from ARS-developed varieties, says horticulturist Dick Okie.
In a PTSL orchard known to be heavily infested with ring nematodes, Nyczepir and cooperators from the University of Georgia removed the peach trees from a large area.
The gene, named "EVG" for evergreen, was first found in peach trees in Mexico that never go dormant.
In order to compare the solar radiation absorption values in each of the peach trees, two typical days with low cloudiness were selected.
Finally the Little Peach Tree achieved its goal, and became the heart of a wonderful orchard of peach trees.
Nevertheless, the mineralization of compost in the soil will determine the responses of the peach trees and depends on the composition of the compost, including the nutrient content and C/N ratio (Jordan et al.
Agricultural Research Service scientists in Kearneysville, West Virginia, along with colleagues at several universities, have identified a gene that controls tree shape in peach trees, specifically the angle at which their branches grow.
Bulgaria's Southeastern Region has the largest percentage of orchard area and is mostly planted with cherry and peach trees.