peccary


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peccary

(pĕk`ərē), small wild pig, genus Tayassu, the only pig native to the Americas. Although similar in appearance to Old World pigs, peccaries are classified in a family of their own because of anatomical differences. Peccaries have downward-curved tusks with which they fight ferociously when threatened. They have large heads and long snouts; both sexes have scent glands on the rump. There are two peccary species. The collared peccary, or javelina, Tayassu tajacu, is the more common, ranging from the SW United States to Argentina and inhabiting many types of country, from tropical swamps to dry scrub regions. It is about 20 in. (50 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs about 50 lb (23 kg); it has grizzled gray-black hair marked with a white neck band and an erectile mane on the neck. Collared peccaries move about in small family groups, eating roots, fruits, insects, worms, and reptiles. The white-lipped peccary, T. albirostris, is found in smaller numbers in forests from S Mexico to N Argentina. Reddish brown to black, with white lips and cheeks, it is somewhat larger than the collared peccary and more predacious in its habits. White-lipped peccaries move about in large herds foraging for food and hunting small mammals. Peccaries are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Tayassuidae.
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peccary

[′pek·ə·rē]
(vertebrate zoology)
Either of two species of small piglike mammals in the genus Tayassu, composing the family Tayassuidae.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

peccary

either of two piglike artiodactyl mammals, Tayassu tajacu (collared peccary) or T. albirostris (white-lipped peccary) of forests of southern North America, Central and South America: family Tayassuidae
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The role played by sympatric collared peccary (Tayassu tajacu), white-lipped peccary (Tayassupecari), and feral pig (Sus scrofa) as maintenance hosts for Trypanosoma evansi and Trypanosoma cruzi in a sylvatic area of Brazil.
Although abundance of white-lipped peccary has not yet been estimated, important records of groups of more than 20 individuals have been reported roaming within the study area (Coastal Jaguar Conservation, unpublished) year-round.
The video shows other members of the herd visiting the carcass of the dead female peccary. They were repeatedly trying to push and turn the carcass with their snouts and mouth. Some herd members slept next to the body at night to protect it from predators. 
Calves were clearly more vulnerable than deer or peccary. If white-tailed deer and peccaries were more abundant, livestock predation might be reduced.
For a fee -- up to half the cost of the vehicle -- customers can personalise the car's interior with cashmere, peccary or teak and choose their favourite model of seats, seat-belt, HI-FI system and touch-screen.
Pessary It's a wild boar, ventures a friend, duped by the dactyl peccary, while to me sheer euphony suggests Pessary (n.) The voile wound in an X to lift and separate damsel breasts or A garment undergirding chastity or how about A rosary of semi-precious stones (carnelian, say, or cherry amber) pinned to a nun's hip.
Howler monkeys lazed on the suspension bridges and collared peccary (small wild pigs) fed under the canopy along the driveway.
A certain accompanist of the fado singer, the musician playing the congas, was, while observing the proceedings, transformed into a peccary. What, the young woman wanted to know, as we stood chatting amiably on the step of the anarchist bookstore, were the internal conditions inhering in the life of a conga player that would make it not only possible but likely that he would suddenly be transformed into a peccary?
A yucca plant in the peccary diorama combines three materials: the brown leaves are originals; the green is carved from lightweight wood; and the flowers at the top are plastic and wax.
Javeiina (aka collared peccary), of southern Arizona and New Mexico (with seasons running from January through March) and Texas (year-round), are custom made for bowhunters.
Javelina, also known as peccary or skunk pig, can measure between three and four feet long and weigh between 44 and 88 pounds.