Pedology


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Related to Pedology: pedagogical, Edaphology

pedology

[pe′däl·ə·jē]
(geology)
(medicine)
The science of the study of the physiological as well as the psychological aspects of childhood.

Pedology

 

the sum of psychological, anatomical, physiological, biological, and sociological conceptions about child development, a field of study not presenting a comprehensive theory. The term is not used abroad, where the subject is included within the area of child and pedagogical psychology.

Pedology came into being as a result of the influence of evolutionary concepts on psychology and pedagogy and the development of applied branches of psychology and experimental pedagogy. The first pedological studies were published in the early 20th century by such non-Russians as G. S. Hall, J. Baldwin, E. Meumann, and W. Preyer and in Russia by V. M. Bekh-terev, G. I. Rossolimo, and A. P. Nechaev, among others.

In prerevolutionary Russia, pedology was represented at congresses on pedagogical psychology in 1906 and 1909 and on experimental pedagogy in 1910, 1913, and 1916. After the October Socialist Revolution of 1917, a network of pedological institutions developed, an extensive literature was published, a conference (1927) and a congress (1928) of pedologists were held, and the journal Pedologiia was published from 1928 to 1932. By the late 1920’s pedology began to lay claim to the role of a “Marxist science of children” monopolizing the right to study children, forcing out pedagogy, and seeking to absorb the psychology, anatomy, and physiology of children.

Pedology’s orientation was idealist and mechanistic. It was opposed to psychology, viewing this discipline as merely the study of what was subjective, and was excessively infatuated with scientifically unfounded tests which determined the intelligence quotient of pupils and students. All this negatively influenced psychology and pedagogy and, in particular, caused much harm to schools. As a result, by the early 1930’s many tenets of pedology, such as problems of the subject of pedology, biogenesis, sociogenesis, and tests, had been severely criticized.

Criticism of pedology’s characteristic slighting of schoolchil-dren’s activities and of the crucial role of upbringing and instruction in child development came to a climax with a decree of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) dated July 4, 1936, On Pedological Distortions in the System of People’s Commissariats of Education. The harsh and largely just attacks by Soviet pedagogues on pedology, with references to this same decree, often sought to negate all the positive work that had been done by Soviet scholars, such as P. P. Blonskii and L. S. Vygotskii, who were in one way or another connected with pedology. These educators had in fact committed serious errors but nonetheless had creatively contributed to the development of pedagogy and psychology.

REFERENCE

Petrovskii, A. V. Istoriia sovetskoi psikhologii. Moscow, 1967.

A. V. PETROVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Da Silva Terra, "Spectral pedology: a new perspective on evaluation of soils along pedogenetic alterations," Geoderma, vol.
Pedology map Pedology Soil characteristics of a (1:250,000) watershed will influence infiltration, percolation, absorption and runoff that carry pollutants to water bodies, as well as erosion, among others.
"Representativeness of the data on the structure of microbial communities," Pedology [Pochvovedenie], in Russian, No.1, pp.92-98
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This volume, on properties and processes, presents 39 contributions organized thematically in sections on soil physics, chemistry, mineralogy, biology and biochemistry, and pedology. Coverage encompasses principles, practices, and up-to-date data for an expected audience of soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students of these fields.
Powis 10:45 THE GEOLOGY AT THE CORRA HARRIS 'IN THE VALLEY' HISTORIC HOMESTEAD AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CULTURAL LANDSCAPE USE, Kthy Winnins * and Wayne Van Horne 11:00 PEDOLOGY AND CULTURAL LANDSCAPE AT THE CORRA HARRIS 'IN THE VALLEY' HISTORIC HOMESTEAD, Cecilia M.
Following the conventional format of natural history, DeWitt subsequently proceeds from geology to climatology, pedology (soil characteristics), botany, land biology, marine biology, and, finally, to human history and demography (ibid., 4-12).
In Roots of Conflict the disciplines of archaeology, biogeochemistry, demography, ethnohistory, hydrology, palaeoecology, and pedology are for a rare moment truly integrated and focused intently on understanding human-environment dynamics through a singular historical case: the rise of complex, hierarchical society in the Hawaiian Islands in the era before European contact.
M-84-10, Alberta Institute of Pedology, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, 156 pp.
A presentation of some aspects of the application of neosigmatiste method in pedology, systematics and chorology.
Experts in pedology have stressed the importance of pro-social, positive modeling on the behavior and development of children and, to a lesser extent, on older adults.