peer-to-peer


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peer-to-peer

(networking)
1. The kind of communication found in a system using layered protocols. Each software or hardware component can be considered to communicate only with its peer in the same layer via the connection provided by the lower layers.

peer-to-peer

From user to user. Peer-to-peer implies that either side can initiate a session and has equal responsibility. Peer-to-peer is a somewhat confusing term, because it has always been contrasted to a central system that initiates and controls everything. But in practice, two users on a peer-to-peer system often require data from a third computer. For example, the infamous Napster file sharing service was always called a "peer-to-peer network," but its use of a central server to store the public directory made it both centralized and peer-to-peer.

The two major categories of peer-to-peer systems are for file sharing (see peer-to-peer network) and CPU sharing (see grid computing). In a wireless network, a peer-to-peer architecture is called an "ad hoc" network (see mobile ad hoc network).

There are many applications and services that claim to be peer-to-peer. Visit www.openp2p.com and click on the "P2P Directory" for a comprehensive list of resources, articles and blogs about the subject.


A Peer-To-Peer Primer
O'Reilly's book, "Peer-To-Peer; Harnessing the Power of Disruptive Technologies" is a collection of potent articles by peer-to-peer experts. Edited by Adam Oram, it covers every major pioneering P2P effort, including Napster and SETI, and explains all the architectures and ramifications of the subject. This is essential peer-to-peer reading. (O'Reilly & Associates, Inc., 2001).
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, Facebook's expansion into peer-to-peer payments and crypto transfers can be considered an interesting way to lock in users, but it probably won't significantly reduce its dependence on ad revenues anytime soon.
With an immense increase in the peer-to-peer computing paradigm, PeerShark [14], a novel method was introduced to detect botnet traffic in peer to peer network.
Keywords: Peer-to-Peer Network, Energy Efficiency, Ad hoc Network, Ad hoc On Demand Distance Vector (AODV)
Some Ukrainian banks have also begun to offer peer-to-peer lending options.
"The arrival of the new Innovative Finance ISA should more than double the volume of investment on peer-to-peer lending platforms while an increase in institutional investor interest will drive up deal flow.
Filene published "Peer-to-Peer Lending and the Future of Cooperation" in association with Credit Union Central of Canada.
It is one form of the growing industry of peer-to-peer finance and, for those unfamiliar with the concept, peer-to-peer finance is where an underlying market maker of some form directly connects clients on both sides of a transaction.
"Peer-to-peer technology has changed other industries like transportation and lodging, and Yard Club has developed an innovative solution initially for the construction equipment industry," said Phil Kelliher, Caterpillar's vice president with responsibility for Americas Distribution Services Division.
Peer-to-peer ISAs - which allow savers to "lend" money to individuals or businesses at a rate they choose, cutting out the middle man of the bank - will offer the chance to earn 4% to 6% tax free.
is entering an agreement with Yard Club, a San Francisco-based startup that has developed an online peer-to-peer equipment rental platform.
During the exhibition, PROFILE will present its new solutions for Private Banking, Wealth Management, Asset Management, Peer-to-Peer Lending and Banking with a focus on Islamic Banking.
Some of the largest, most established fundraising events continued to wane in 2014 as smaller events fueled growth among the top 30 peer-to-peer programs.