lapwing

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lapwing,

common name for some members of the family Charadriidae, which includes the ploversplover
, common name for some members of the large family Charadriidae, shore birds, small to medium in size, found in ice-free lands all over the world. Plovers are plumpish wading birds with pigeonlike bills and strong markings of black or brown above with white below.
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. Lapwings are almost all inland or upland birds, found in all temperate and tropical regions except North America. The lapwing of Eurasia (Vanellus vanellus), also called the green plover or pewit, is a noisy and conspicuous bird distinguished by a strikingly upcurved, slender crest. Its back is an iridescent deep green, the crown and crest greenish black, the throat and upper breast black, the underparts white, and the tail coverts fawn. The lapwing has been much exploited in Europe for its flesh and eggs but is now protected by law. The name derives from the irregular lag of its wingbeats in flight. The "blacksmith" group of lapwings of Africa, with sharp spurs on the bend of the wings, are named for the metallic ring of their cries. Other lapwings of Africa, S Asia, and Malaya have prominent red or yellow wattles at the base of the bill, such as in the red-wattled lapwing, Lobivanellus indica. Lapwings nest on the ground in scooped-out shallow depressions lined with shells, pebbles, or vegetation; both sexes incubate and care for the young. Lapwings are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Charadriiformes, family Charadriidae.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Lapwing

 

(Vanellus vanellus), also green plover or pewit, a bird of the family Chardriidae of the suborder Limicolae. The body measures 30 cm in length, and the weight is approximately 200 g. The upper parts and breast are greenish, with a purple sheen. The lapwing is distributed in Europe and Asia. In the USSR it is found from the western border to Primor’e Krai; in Siberia it occurs only in the south. In the winter it is commonly found in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. Lapwings nest in grassy marshes, pasturelands, or fields. The clutch contains four eggs, which are incubated primarily by the female for 27 to 29 days. The diet includes insects and other small invertebrates, as well as seeds.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

lapwing

any of several plovers of the genus Vanellus, esp V. vanellus, typically having a crested head, wattles, and spurs
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
With Clara's failure to reach the same heights of "passion" as when the peewits called, the "marvelous glamour" of the biocentric gives way to a "mechanical repetition," the inevitable automatism that attends all ritual acts.
Also known as green plover or peewit, the bird has been placed on the red list - which catalogues birds of conservation concern - after suffering significant decline in recent years.
At the Redcar Beacon on Saturday, she spoke to children about the adventures of Billy Peewit and the Lost Whale.
Known for their distinctive 'peewit' call, the lapwing is recognisable by their long crest and black and white pattern.
What bird is known as the peewit because of its cry?
Conditional Jason Maguire was seen to good effect on Peewit Bridge, who forged clear in the first leg of the two-and-a-half-mile handicap chase to give trainer Steve Brookshaw a second winner this month.
As lapwings manoeuvre on the wind, Calling their usual "peewit" cry.
From 11am-3pm tomorrow, Redcar writer, performer and storyteller Carmel Thompson will be talking about the adventures of Billy Peewit and the Lost Whale.
Breeding numbers of lapwing, also known as the 'peewit' due to its distinctive call, have increased, thanks in part to a grant from the Biodiversity Action Fund of WREN which started in July 2011.
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Renowned for its tumbling courtship, its haunting "peewit" has inspired names, including "peasiewheep" and "chewit".
ONE wonders if any ex-naval World War II personnel can give me any information on HMS Peewit, whether a vessel or shore station in 1944, and any relevant details for that particular year.