pelvic inflammatory disease


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Related to pelvic inflammatory disease: endometriosis, pelvic congestion syndrome, Pelvic pain

pelvic inflammatory disease

(PID), infection of the female reproductive organs, usually resulting from infection with the bacteria that cause chlamydiachlamydia
, genus of microorganisms that cause a variety of diseases in humans and other animals. Psittacosis, or parrot fever, caused by the species Chlamydia psittaci, is transmitted to people by birds, particularly parrots, parakeets, and lovebirds.
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 or gonorrheagonorrhea
, common infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), involving chiefly the mucous membranes of the genitourinary tract. It may occasionally spread to membranes in other parts of the body, especially those of the joints and the eyes.
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. The infection typically first affects the cervical area, then spreads to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and abdomen. Symptoms may be absent but usually include pelvic pain and vaginal discharge. PID can cause abscesses and scarring in the fallopian tubes that can block fertilization or interrupt the egg's progress, resulting in ectopic (tubal) pregnancy and loss of the fetus. Over 1 million women are diagnosed with PID each year in the United States; 100,000 typically become infertile.
References in periodicals archive ?
To determine the association of Pelvic inflammatory Disease (PID) and Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD) in women coming to the Out Patient departments of tertiary care settings in Rawalpindi.
Estimation of the rate of pelvic inflammatory disease diagnoses: trends in England, 2000-2008.
Low backache, lower abdominal pain with fever or vaginal discharge were taken to indicate pelvic inflammatory disease. From those women identified as having PID, were asked to give their consent for the study.
The full results suggest that moxifloxacin is potentially effective for treating various persistent STIs, not only NGU but also cervicitis and possibly pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
Infertility Following Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology 1999; 7: 145-52.
The findings also suggest an 80 percent reduction in the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease in women treated for chlamydial infection.
Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the UK and can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, leaving women infertile.
It is estimated that, left untreated, 10% to 20% of chlamydia or gonorrhea infections in women can result in pelvic inflammatory disease, which can lead to such long-term complications as chronic pelvic pain, potentially life-threatening ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
Syphilis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea can all be treated with antibiotics but untreated they can cause pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and can infect newborns.
"If left untreated, it can develop into serious conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, which can progress to ectopic pregnancy and infertility.
If you have a history of amenorrhoea (no * periods), oligomenorrhoea (infrequent periods), pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or if either you or your partner has had treatment for cancer, you should also seek medical advice sooner rather than later, as you will need to be referred to a specialist.