pelvic inflammatory disease


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Related to pelvic inflammatory disease: endometriosis, pelvic congestion syndrome, Pelvic pain

pelvic inflammatory disease

(PID), infection of the female reproductive organs, usually resulting from infection with the bacteria that cause chlamydiachlamydia
, genus of microorganisms that cause a variety of diseases in humans and other animals. Psittacosis, or parrot fever, caused by the species Chlamydia psittaci, is transmitted to people by birds, particularly parrots, parakeets, and lovebirds.
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 or gonorrheagonorrhea
, common infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Neisseria gonorrhoeae), involving chiefly the mucous membranes of the genitourinary tract. It may occasionally spread to membranes in other parts of the body, especially those of the joints and the eyes.
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. The infection typically first affects the cervical area, then spreads to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and abdomen. Symptoms may be absent but usually include pelvic pain and vaginal discharge. PID can cause abscesses and scarring in the fallopian tubes that can block fertilization or interrupt the egg's progress, resulting in ectopic (tubal) pregnancy and loss of the fetus. Over 1 million women are diagnosed with PID each year in the United States; 100,000 typically become infertile.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pelvic inflammatory disease in adolescents Curt Opin Ogstet Gynecol 2006; 18(5):503-10.
1996) completed a landmark study in which they addressed prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease by screening for chlamydia infection.
Risks: Cramps, bleeding, pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, perforation of uterus.
However, fewer than 25 percent knew that oral contraceptives reduce the risks of ovarian and uterine cancer, pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, anemia, and benign breast disease.
Other diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea also are curable but can lead to serious problems such as pelvic inflammatory disease (leading to pain, infertility, and even death) if left untreated, according to Rankow.
In addition to conditions such as Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia that afflict HIV-infected people of both genders, women suffer gender-specific manifestations of HIV disease, such as recurrent vaginal yeast infections and pelvic inflammatory disease.
It turned out that the device raised the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease and spontaneous septic abortion.
Women with histories of pelvic inflammatory disease, sexually transmitted disease, termination of pregnancy and cesarean section can still have highly effective placement of the Essure device in an in-office setting," said Dr.
Most people with chlamydia are not aware of it because the infection often causes no symptoms, but if left untreated, this STD can develop into pelvic inflammatory disease and irreversibly damage a woman's reproductive system.
CHICAGO - Women with recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease are significantly more likely to report infertility and chronic pelvic pain long term than are those without recurrent PID, according to a secondary analysis of the PEACH study.
If left untreated, gonorrhoea can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, and women can become infertile or have ectopic pregnancies.
It's also been found in women with pelvic inflammatory disease and may be another cause of blocked tubes and infertility.