penology

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penology

the science of prison management

penology

the systematic study of punishment, particularly imprisonment. The term was coined in the 19th-century along with the reorganization of the prison system and at a time of much debate about the purposes of imprisonment. In part, the introduction of the term reflected a ‘positivistic’ belief that a 'scientific’ solution could be found to many human problems. See also FOUCAULT, PANOPTICAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
But, when Russian penologists concerned themselves with library collections and reading, they addressed, sometimes explicitly and almost always exclusively, the general criminal population.
At least since the writings of the 18th-century political theorist and penologist Cesare Beccaria, penal codes have been intended to work as mechanisms of representation.
Epidemiologists will establish medical literature indicating how disease is transmitted in the prison context; penologists will speak to the viability of providing clean needles in prison, drawing on comparative evidence from other jurisdictions.
Eastern State Penitentiary Historic Site partners with nationally recognized penologists and educators to present an ongoing discussion series about crime, justice, and the American prison system.
The urban rebellions of the early 1960s, the increase in prison revolts, the failure of treatment programs, and the killing of prisoners by "correctional officers" in the most "innovative and progressive" penal system in the United States--all of this jarred the sensibilities of even the most liberal penologists and demonstrated once and for all the bankruptcy of liberalism.
In 1970, a group of expert civilian penologists conducted a comprehensive analysis and evaluation of the Army Confinement System (ACS), which consisted of three tiers:
It was Brigadier General Crowder who, after lengthy consultation with sociologists and penologists, convinced the Army--and the Congress--to create the U.
Penologists long ago concluded that this approach does not work, but apparently, OSHA has yet to receive that news.
2002: Jiang and Winfree, 2006) have argued that female inmates do not receive the same attention as their male counterparts from criminologists, penologists or policymakers.
Penologists agree that our incapacitation policy has reduced the crime rate, but they disagree over the amount.
English penologists retained a stronger commitment to deterrence over rehabilitation in prison policy.
Although penologists for many years have questioned the morality of long prison terms as well as their effectiveness, the principal motivation for the latest surge of sentencing reform has been fiscal.