pentathlon

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pentathlon

(pĕntăth`lən), composite athletic event. In ancient Greece it comprised leaping, foot racing, wrestling, discus throwing, and casting the javelin. The modern pentathlon, an Olympic gamesOlympic games,
premier athletic meeting of ancient Greece, and, in modern times, series of international sports contests. The Olympics of Ancient Greece

Although records cannot verify games earlier than 776 B.C.
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 contest for men since 1912, comprises a cross-country horseback ride, a cross-country run, a swimming race, épée fencing, and pistol shooting; women first competed in the pentathlon in the 2000 Olympics. In 2008 the governing body for the sport voted to combine the run and pistol shooting in one element. From 1964 to 1980 what is now the women's Olympic track-and-field contest known as the heptathlon (see under decathlondecathlon
, in modern Olympic games, a contest for men held over two days and composed of 10 track-and-field events. It consists of the long jump; the high jump; the discus throw; the shot putt; the javelin throw; the 100-, 400-, and 1,500-meter races; the 110-meter hurdle race;
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) was a five-event contest called the pentathlon.

pentathlon

an athletic contest consisting of five different events, based on a competition in the ancient Greek Olympics
References in periodicals archive ?
47) IOC member Jiff Guth, for instance, was in favor of a pentathlon at the session of Paris 1901; see Commission des Jeux Olympiques, "Proces-verbal 4e Session Paris 1901," 20.
49) For informaton on this first Modern Olympic pentathlon, see Bill Mallon, The 1906 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, 1999), 58-59; Carl Diem, "Die olympischen Spiele 1906," in: Die Olympischen Spiele 1906 in Athen, eds.
61) "Le Pentathlon Moderne," Revue Olympique 71 (November 1911), 164165; Lyberg, The IOC Sessions, 63-65; Commission des Jeux Olympiques, Seance d'Ouverture a l'Academie Hongroise des Sciences, 23 May 1911, 14.
68) "Le Pentathlon Moderne," 163; translated from the French.
72) "Les debuts du pentathlon moderne," Revue Olympique 82 (October 1912), 151; translated from the French.
See: Sandra Heck, "When Workmen Shoot, Fence, and Ride--Modern Pentathlon and the Promise of Social Integration at the Beginning of the 20th Century," Stadion (forthcoming 2011).
80) Pierre de Coubertin: "Lettre olympique IX: Le Pentathlon Moderne," La Gazette de Lausanne 355 (28 December 1918), 1; translation from the French.
82) "Les debuts du pentathlon moderne," 151; translated from the French.
83) Mallon and Widlund mention 29 competitors in total, whereas the official report and sources of the Modern Pentathlon Committee refer to 32 athletes; see Bill Mallon and Ture Widlund, The 1912 Olympic Games: Results for all Competitors in all Events, with Commentary (Jefferson N.