People's Court

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People’s Court

 

in the USSR, the court of first instance in a city district or in a city not subdivided into districts. The primary link in the court system, the people’s court hears all criminal and civil cases arising in a given territory, with the exception of cases assigned by law to the jurisdiction of other courts and certain cases involving administrative violations. In addition, the people’s court hears cases involving citizen complaints of improper inclusion on or exclusion from voter lists for elections to local soviets.

The principles by which the people’s courts are organized in the Soviet state were set down during the first years of Soviet power. The decree on courts that was issued on Nov. 24, 1917 (Collection of Laws and Regulations of the Worker and Peasant Government, 1917, no. 4, Art. 50), which established the people’s courts, laid down the fundamentals of the Soviet judicial system. The 1936 Constitution of the USSR and subsequent laws based on it have reinforced and expanded the democratic principles of the structure and function of the people’s courts. The people’s courts are elected and are thus accountable to the voters; they are collegial, with all cases being heard by a people’s judge and two people’s assessors; and they are independent in their administration of justice.

Verdicts and orders in civil cases and judgments in cases involving the recovery of property are carried out by the bailiffs of the people’s court. People’s courts play a significant role in protecting socialist property; the personal property of citizens; the political, labor, housing, and other personal and property rights of citizens of the USSR; and the property rights of kolkhozes and of state and other public organizations.

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The Supreme People's Court (SPC), the premier appellate forum of the land, supervises the administration of justice by all subordinate 'local' and 'special' people's courts.
In accordance with the Enterprise Bankruptcy Law of the People's Republic of China, the Real Property Law of the People's Republic of China, the Contract Law of the People's Republic of China, and other relevant laws and regulations and on the basis of trial experience, this provision is adopted for the purpose of applying relevant laws properly on issues arising out of the people's courts' treatment of debtors' assets in reviewing enterprise bankruptcy cases.
Robertson said while the rebel group frequently killed people found guilty by the so-called people's courts, the trials were far from being fair.
After talks with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan , the two sides signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on cooperation between the two Supreme People's Courts which marked a new step of development in friendly relations between the two countries' court sector.
The action plan said China will continue to push forward standardized measurement of penalty, and the people's procuratorates will make suggestions on penalty measurement to the people's courts when handling criminal cases.
The SPC reportedly overturned about 15 percent of the death sentences handed down by Intermediate People's Courts in the first half of 2008, though Amnesty says it is not possible to verify this claim.
(26.) See Zuigao renmin fayuan guanyu renmin fayuan shouli gongtong susong anjian wenti de tongzhi [Supreme People's Court Notice on the Question of the Acceptance by People's Courts of Joint Litigation Cases] (issued Dec.
China's court system primarily consists of the Supreme People's Court, the Provincial High Courts, Intermediate People's courts, and local district courts.
Operating through twenty-four Extraordinary People's Courts, each with a professional chief justice and four lay "people's judges," a larger number of "honor courts" dealing with lesser offenses, and a National Court prosecuting senior figures, the Czechs (the Slovaks had their own system) dealt with some 167,000 cases between 1945 and 1947.
"They are getting a system that involves People's Courts. My biggest priority is to ensure the way we approach law and order, for the vast majority of hard working honest people in this country, is on their side.
Brill Academic Publishers (Boston, MA) has released "Chinese Contract Law," a hardback book that carries analysis of the theories and framework of Chinese contract law as well as its implication in Chinese judicial practices through recent cases in Chinese people's courts. Chapters cover contract law in Chinese tradition, freedom of contract in Chinese concept, enforceability, formation of contracts, validity issues, performance and modification of contracts, dissolution and termination of contracts, breach of contracts and remedies, third parties and international contracts.
CRIMINALS who plead guilty to minor offences should be dealt with by new "people's courts" to speed up the justice system, says a new report.

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