People's Court

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People’s Court

 

in the USSR, the court of first instance in a city district or in a city not subdivided into districts. The primary link in the court system, the people’s court hears all criminal and civil cases arising in a given territory, with the exception of cases assigned by law to the jurisdiction of other courts and certain cases involving administrative violations. In addition, the people’s court hears cases involving citizen complaints of improper inclusion on or exclusion from voter lists for elections to local soviets.

The principles by which the people’s courts are organized in the Soviet state were set down during the first years of Soviet power. The decree on courts that was issued on Nov. 24, 1917 (Collection of Laws and Regulations of the Worker and Peasant Government, 1917, no. 4, Art. 50), which established the people’s courts, laid down the fundamentals of the Soviet judicial system. The 1936 Constitution of the USSR and subsequent laws based on it have reinforced and expanded the democratic principles of the structure and function of the people’s courts. The people’s courts are elected and are thus accountable to the voters; they are collegial, with all cases being heard by a people’s judge and two people’s assessors; and they are independent in their administration of justice.

Verdicts and orders in civil cases and judgments in cases involving the recovery of property are carried out by the bailiffs of the people’s court. People’s courts play a significant role in protecting socialist property; the personal property of citizens; the political, labor, housing, and other personal and property rights of citizens of the USSR; and the property rights of kolkhozes and of state and other public organizations.

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After talks with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Uzbekistan , the two sides signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on cooperation between the two Supreme People's Courts which marked a new step of development in friendly relations between the two countries' court sector.
The matter had been litigated in Chinese administrative and People's Courts for years and culminated in an unappealable decision handed down by the Higher People's Court of Beijing on April 25, 2013 against Russell Brown's organization.
The action plan said China will continue to push forward standardized measurement of penalty, and the people's procuratorates will make suggestions on penalty measurement to the people's courts when handling criminal cases.
The SPC reportedly overturned about 15 percent of the death sentences handed down by Intermediate People's Courts in the first half of 2008, though Amnesty says it is not possible to verify this claim.
See Zuigao renmin fayuan guanyu renmin fayuan shouli gongtong susong anjian wenti de tongzhi [Supreme People's Court Notice on the Question of the Acceptance by People's Courts of Joint Litigation Cases] (issued Dec.
Brill Academic Publishers (Boston, MA) has released "Chinese Contract Law," a hardback book that carries analysis of the theories and framework of Chinese contract law as well as its implication in Chinese judicial practices through recent cases in Chinese people's courts.
People's courts also often became a site within which individuals and groups, particularly young men, imagined a world beyond apartheid.
Their ascent into the political landscape of the era was rapid until 1988, when the success of the state's emergency regulations made it possible for the head of the security police to declare the total elimination of people's courts (Ibid.
All appeals brought and all evidence presented by Russell Brown and Zhou Han Brown, since March 2008, have been completely rebutted and found by Chinese People's Courts as without merit or legal basis under Chinese Trademark laws, regulations, and policies.
Lethal injection will be used in all intermediate people's courts, though such a procedure is not possible in the short term because of the high costs of input and enforcement," he said.

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