sumac

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sumac

sumac or sumach (sho͞oˈmăk, so͞oˈ–), common name for some members of the Anacardiaceae, a family of trees and shrubs native chiefly to the tropics but ranging into north temperate regions and characterized by resinous, often acrid, sap. The sap of certain of these plants—especially poison ivy and related species of the New World genus Toxicodendron—contains an essential oil that can cause dermatitis. In these and other species the sap is also a major source of tannin, e.g., the quebracho tree of Paraguay, the lacquer tree of SE Asia, and the terebinth or turpentine tree and the mastic trees of the Mediterranean area. The pistachio, cashew, and mango provide important foods both for local consumption and for trade. The resin content is responsible for the acid taste of mango and cashew fruits and of the oil (sometimes extracted) in pistachio and cashew nuts. The true sumacs belong to the genus Rhus; some botanists include the poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac in that genus. Several species of sumacs are native to North America, usually in dry areas, and are noted for their brilliant autumn coloration. The common staghorn sumac (R. typhina) of the Eastern states is one of the species whose fruit is used in wine making and for medicinal purposes. Some sumacs—e.g., the Sicilian sumac (R. coriara) of S Europe—are cultivated for their tannin. Sumacs are also cultivated as ornamentals, e.g., the smoke tree (Cotinus coggygria) of S Eurasia, whose bark is sometimes used for a dye, and the pepper tree, or Peruvian mastic (Schinus molle), of the American tropics. The latter, with its drooping branches and red fruits, is a favorite avenue ornamental in S California; however, it is highly susceptible to black scale, a disease destructive to fruit trees, and hence must be destroyed in areas where there are citrus groves. Sumac is classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Sapindales, family Anacardiaceae.

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sumac

sumac

Fragrant bush up to 7ft tall, red hairy oily fruits, 3-leaf design, yellow flowers, red fuzzy berries. All parts edible and astringent. Fruit and leaves can be chewed for stomach ache, diabetes. Bark used for lung and urinary tract issues dysentery, diarrhea. Berries soaked in water makes lemonade, or mushed into porridge. Plant may irritate skin of some people.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
References in periodicals archive ?
The fruits and leaves of Brazilian pepper tree have medicinal properties as anti-diarrheal, astringent, diuretic, purgative, stomachic, tonic, anti-inflammatory, fungicidal and bactericidal (FENNER et al., 2006).
bungeanum (Chinese prickly-ash, Sichuan pepper tree), whereas adults were observed also on other green parts of the host plant, such as leafstalks and fruits (Figs.
The product is made with a natural extract from the bark of the Brazilian pepper tree, and it has been shown to lower the acidity of the stomach.
Along those lines, Hebron recently rolled out an upset stomach relief product called Kios that is formulated with the active ingredient Schinus terebinthifolius, an extract from the bark of the Brazilian pepper tree.
That tactile tree is a pepper tree, not only the one that appears a number of times in Wright's poems, beginning, I believe, with "Going Home" in China Trace ("The ides of a hangdog month.
Penders is fighting one of the most corrosive salt-laden environments in the country, along with the invasive and perpetually spreading Brazilian pepper tree, to save what remains of the birth of the American space program.
I planted two saplings, an elm and a California pepper tree, and thought I'd someday sit beneath them.
There's a great Thai restaurant near my house in Clapham, called the Pepper Tree. I go there every Sunday when I'm at home.
Other solutions linked to Wright's website included Temporal Tension, which was said to promote relaxation and 'clarity of the mind' and Mico Plus, said to be a 'dynamic, synergistic formula' made partially from the Brazilian Pepper Tree and 'highly potent'.
Driving Over lemons and A Parrot in the Pepper Tree were delights but a lame prologue had me worried that Steward had run out of steam.
Indeed, the phrase "peppercorn rent", which nowadays means a pittance, started off meaning expensive rent because in mediaeval times pepper (the seeds of the pepper tree, piper nigrum) was more valuable than gold!
His A PARROT IN THE PEPPER TREE (095352275X) provides a sequel, continuing the story of his farm life as they clash with a misanthropic parrot who immerses himself in their life--and faces a threat to their valley from a proposed dam project.