peptic ulcer


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peptic ulcer:

see ulcerulcer,
open sore or circumscribed erosion, usually slow to heal, on the skin or mucous membranes. It may develop as a result of injury; because of a circulatory disturbance, e.g.
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peptic ulcer

[′pep·tik ′əl·sər]
(medicine)
An ulcer involving the mucosa, submucosa, and muscular layer on the lower esophagus, stomach, or duodenum, due in part at least to the action of acid-pepsin gastric juice.

peptic ulcer

Pathol an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining those parts of the alimentary tract exposed to digestive juices. It can occur in the oesophagus, the stomach, the duodenum, the jejunum, or in parts of the ileum
References in periodicals archive ?
In conclusion we note that perforated peptic ulcer is a common surgical problem in our environment.
In conclusion, we report a rare case of choledochoduodenal fistula complicating a duodenal peptic ulcer and the first reported case of Bouveret syndrome secondary to choledochoduodenal fistula which was successfully managed endoscopically.
pylori IgG, incidences of peptic ulcer number (%), and complicated peptic ulcer number (%) were the highly significant difference (P < 0.0001) and were correlated.
On the basis of distribution channels, the global peptic ulcer drugs market has been segmented as hospital pharmacies, private clinics, drug stores, retail pharmacies, and e-Commerce.
The change of disease pattern in perforated peptic ulcer favors a simple repair procedure.
More recent data suggest that the proportion of cases caused by peptic ulcer disease has declined.1
For instance, SNPs of cyclo-oxygenase-1 ( COX-1 ), COX-2 , tumor necrosis factor-a ( TNF-a ), and interleukin-1[sz] ( IL-1[sz] ), which had been reported to be possibly related to aspirin-induced peptic ulcer, [sup][6],[7],[8] were chosen.
High levels of psychological stress more than doubled the odds of peptic ulcers, and the link remained statistically significant even after controlling for factors such as Helicobacter pylori infection and cigarette smoking, according to a prospective study published in the March issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.
Peptic ulcer was the second common cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in our study.
In adults histamine-2 receptor blockers proton pump inhibitors and treatment of Helicobacter pylori have already replaced the role of elective surgery in peptic ulcer disease (PUD).1 Current treatment modality has also decreased the rate of elective surgery but emergent surgical conditions such as peptic ulcer perforation ( PUP ) bleeding or obstruction have not been decreased.2 However effects of improvement in the management in children are not apparent as in adults because the literature on the subject is uncommon.Various surgical procedures have been advocated for patients with PUP ranging from simple closure with an omental patch vagotomy to gastrectomy.
Peptic ulcer (PU) disease is believed to be less common and less severe as a result of modern medical treatment [19].
Amongst the pioneer researches on blood group O's association with peptic ulcer, the work by Aird and colleagues1 showed that people with blood group O are 35% more likely to be diagnosed with peptic ulcer than those with other blood types.