At a critical threshold level, the anti-site defects are essentially touching and create what is called a percolation network
The occurrence of the rheological percolation network
reveals, then, a physical gel that can be described by the Winter-Chambon method developed for polymer gel systems [56, 57], In crosslinking polymers, Winter and Chambon proposed that at the gel point the loss and storage modulus were congruent and proportional to of over the whole range 0 < [omega] < [infinity] of frequency, where n is the relaxation exponent (0 < n < 1).
Therefore, the flow is suitable to create a sparse percolation network
structure on the moving substrate, which is transparent yet conductive.
The conductive nanoparticles are dispersed throughout the matrix during curing, and a percolation network
Such a routing and data transmission strategy will be referred to as percolation network
Stanbery, HelioVolt's founder, when made under the proper conditions CIGS spontaneously arranges itself at the nanoscale to create a percolation network
that drastically reduces losses, making the material the most efficient and reliable thin-film for photovoltaics.
This rapid change in electrical conductivity of the nanocomposites clearly indicates the formation of continuous interconnected conductive network chains of CNT-CNT in the nanocomposites, which is well known as percolation network
All these properties are dependent on the loading levels of CB and its mesoscopic structure such as percolation network
In melt state, the intercalated and exfoliated layers act as physical nodes forming a 3D percolation network
(2), (21), (22), which improves the energy transport and the heat transfer caused by elastic waves.
This non-terminal behavior can he attributed to the formation of a percolation network
, which restrains the long-range motion of the polymer chains.
Similar nonterminal behavior has also been observed on many other polymer/CNTs composite systems (33-42), which is believed to be attributed to the formation of the mescoscopic percolation network
structure of nanotubes.
As a result, the transient percolation network
is broken down due to the sharply reduced particle-particle interactions, leading to a remarkable change of viscoelastic behavior from solid-like to a liquid one.