Père David's deer

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Père David's deer

(pĕr dävēdz`), Asian deer, Elaphurus davidianus, known only in a semidomesticated state. Also known as milu and elaphure, it has a bulky, donkeylike body, reaching a shoulder height of nearly 4 ft (120 cm), with a tufted tail longer than that of any other deer. It is tawny red with white underparts and a white ring around each eye. Its hooves are very broad. It has curious antlers, with irregularly branching front prongs and usually straight posterior prongs. The antlers may reach 3 ft (90 cm) in length. E. davidianus came to the attention of Westerners in 1865, when it was observed by the missionary Père Armand David in the gardens of the Chinese emperor, near Beijing. Several specimens were sent to Europe, where they flourished in captivity; those remaining in China all perished during the Boxer Uprising. After World War II, breeding stock from England was distributed to the world's zoos, and in 1960 the species was reestablished in China. The natural habitat of this deer is unknown, but it is believed to have inhabited the swampy plains of China until it was displaced by agriculture. It is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.


See B. Beck and C. Wemmer, The Management and Biology of an Extinct Species: Père David's Deer (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
BEST OF FRIENDS: Mi-Lu the rare Pere David's Deer says hello to Kipper the golden retriever
The Pere David's deer is a critically-endangered species, virtually extinct in the wild.
Among them are fallowdeer, rhea, hunting dogs, tigers, lions, axis deer, emu, wallabies, blackbuck, nilgai, Pere David's deer, forest buffalo, bongo, oryx, wildebeest, cape buffalo, ankole cattle, baboons, zebras, camels, guanaco, bison, eland, white rhino, ostrich, red lechwe, sitatunga, giraffe, meerkats, otters, and Red River hogs.
The rare Pere David's Deer, which have produced 23 fawns, are critically endangered in the wild but breeding in such numbers in Prescot that the park has been able to export groups to other attractions.
Ironically, top of this year's breeding league have been the Pere David's Deer, one of the rarest species of deer in the world.