peregrine falcon

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peregrine falcon:

see falconfalcon,
common name for members of the Falconidae, a heterogeneous family of long-winged birds of prey similar to the hawks but genetically more closely related to the parrots and other birds.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Peregrine Falcon


(Falco peregrinus), a bird of the order Falconiformes having a body length of 40–50 cm and a weight of 500–1,000 g. The females are larger than the males. The cap is slate-blue or reddish yellow; the back ranges in color from light slate-blue to almost black. The underparts are mottled—with small, sparse markings or large markings that almost merge into one another. The wings are long and pointed.

The peregrine falcon is widely distributed; it is absent in Antarctica and most of South America. In the USSR the bird’s range extends from the tundra to the southern borders; during migrations the bird enters the lowland steppes. The peregrine falcon nests in trees (occupying the former nests of other birds), on rocky ledges, on the ground, or, occasionally, in buildings (towers, belfries). A clutch contains three or four brick-brown eggs, which are incubated for 28 days. The young leave the nest in five or six weeks. The peregrine falcon preys mainly on birds, which it seizes in the air. It dives at velocities reaching 70–100 m per sec.

In some places the peregrine falcon is used as a hunting bird. The species is becoming rare. In the United States, where the bird has disappeared from the eastern states, attempts are being made to raise the peregrine falcon in captivity to restore the population.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

peregrine falcon

a falcon, Falco peregrinus, occurring in most parts of the world, having a dark plumage on the back and wings and lighter underparts
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Even so, this discovery constitutes the first record of a peregrine falcon nesting in Travis County, Texas; the farthest east nesting record of peregrine falcon for the state of Texas; the first documented peregrine falcon nesting record on a manmade structure in Texas; and the first documented peregrine falcon nesting record east of the Trans-Pecos region in Texas in over 100 y.
White and Boyce (1978) found that the Ungalik River had the highest cliff-nesting raptor population of any of the rivers they surveyed; the species they encountered included Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos), Gyrfalcons (Falco rusticolus), and Rough-legged Hawks (Buteo lagopus), along with a single Peregrine Falcon.
Our use of broadcasting an eechup call at American Peregrine Falcon nesting territories in interior Alaska during the incubation stage was extremely successful in eliciting a response by resident female falcons.
To wit, the Peregrine Fund was founded in 1970 by a leading Cornell ornithologist to help nurse peregrine falcon populations hit hard by DDT back to their once abundant numbers.
WILDLIFE crime officers have arrested a pigeon fancier from Sunderland as part of national operation clamping down on crimes against peregrine falcons.
30, the dead peregrine falcon and black-headed gull were found and collected in the park of Seaview Crescent, Man Tung Road, Tung Chung and Chun Yin Square Playground, Yuen Long respectively.
FEELING BETTER: The chick in its temporary home FAMILY: The now fit and well peregrine falcon chick (front right) with its new family in Scotland HELPING HAND: The peregrine chick recovering from an anaesthetic
TELECOMWORLDWIRE-May 10, 2011-University of Montreal deploys ViewCast solutions to support peregrine falcon monitoring(C)1994-2011 M2 COMMUNICATIONS
TARGET: Majestic peregrine falcon. Below, Richard at the scene of the chick thefts
Washington, January 21 (ANI): A new research has found that the average Pacific dunlin has lost weight and spends more time in flight as a response to the increased threat of predation from their arch-enemy, the peregrine falcon.
On the wing; to the edge of the earth with the peregrine falcon. Random House, Anchor.
On the Wing: To the Edge of the Earth with the Peregrine Falcon. By Alan Tennant (Knopf, 2004)