performance art

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performance art,

multimedia art form originating in the 1970s in which performance is the dominant mode of expression. Perfomance art may incorporate such elements as instrumental or electronic music, song, dance, television, film, sculpture, spoken dialogue, and storytelling. Its roots lie in early 20th-century modernist experiments with mixed media, particularly in DadaDada
or Dadaism
, international nihilistic movement among European artists and writers that lasted from 1916 to 1922. Born of the widespread disillusionment engendered by World War I, it originated in Zürich with a 1916 party at the Cabaret Voltaire and the
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 performances. The direct antecedent of performance art, however, can be found in the happeningshappening,
an artistic event of a theatrical nature, but usually improvised spontaneously without the framework of a plot. The term originated with the creation and performance in 1959 of Allan Kaprow's "18 Happenings in 6 Parts.
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 of the late 1950s and the 1960s. Among the most obvious differences between the two is that the later movement tends to be much less spontaneous in nature than the earlier and that happenings were almost always created by visual artists, whereas performance artists generally have more varied backgrounds, often in theater, writing, or dance.

Primarily an avant-garde form, performance art is often emotional and topical, frequently dealing with political and personal matters and with such issues as race, class, and feminism. Probably the best-known contemporary American performance artist is Laurie AndersonAnderson, Laurie,
1947–, American performance artist, b. Chicago. Originally a sculptor, she was influenced by Philip Glass and other avant-garde composers in the early 1970s and soon turned to the creation of multimedia performance art.
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; others include Nam June PaikPaik, Nam June
, 1932–2006, Korean-American artist, widely considered the founder of video art, b. Seoul, studied art and music at Tokyo Univ. and in Germany. A performance and conceptual artist, Paik worked beginning in the 1960s mainly with video, integrating visual
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 (also involved earlier with happenings), cellist Charlotte Moorman (whose avant-garde performances began in the 1960s), Michael Smith, Vito Acconci, Carolee Schneeman, Martha Wilson, and Marina Abramovic. Often classified as performance artists are such monologist-writers Eric Bogosian, Spalding Gray, Karen Finley, Anna Deavere Smith, and John Leguizamo. The form enjoyed a widespread revival in the early 21st cent., with museums and galleries restaging works originally created in the 1970s and also presenting new examples of the art.

Bibliography

See G. Battcock and R. Nickas ed., The Art of Performance (1983); M. Roth ed., The Amazing Decade: Women and Performance Art in America, 1970–1980 (1983); R. Goldberg, Performance Art: From Futurism to the Present (1988); H. M. Sayre, The Object of Performance (1989); C. Carr, On Edge: Performance at the End of the Twentieth Century (1993); P. Phelan, Unmarked: The Politics of Performance (1993); and E. Diamond, ed., Performance and Cultural Politics (1996).

References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of this contract is the provision of services artistic interpretation and musical performance artist Tarque, organized by the City of Majadahonda during the festivity of the year 2019, in honor of the Holy Christ of the Remedies, in accordance with the prescriptions contained in the Technical Specification governing this contract, and which, if any, unite as annexed thereto
Visual performance artist and arts curator Amanda Krugliak is also featured in November "Images." The Cleve Carney Art Gallery at the McAninch Arts Center hosts a series of visiting artists each year, providing opportunities for the community to engage through lectures, conversations and workshops.
Read more: Eight hours with extreme performance artist Marina Abramoviyc
Beatrix is an internationally acclaimed painter, installation, and performance artist, whose works have often been described as "powerful iconic images carved from the artist's fertile imagination."
Chimonas, who will perform the piece This is It, is a local theatre maker and performance artist. Chimonas has directed a number of plays which were presented at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival, in theatres in the UK, in New York and here.
Equally pleasing, it must be said, particularly given the price - a mere PS5 for my Brandling Burger and PS8.50 for The Performance Artist's fish & chips.
He revealed how the extraordinary Liverpool-based theatre director, DJ, writer and international transvestite performance artist - whose alter-ego is Mandy Romero - inspires other artists.
Joanna Hogg's film stars Viv Albertine (ex-lead guitarist of punk band The Slits) and Liam Gillick (a Turner Prize-nominated artist) as a well-to-do couple - he is an architect, she is a performance artist - whose cold relationship is reflected in the minimalist house where they live and work.
Lady Gaga has defended her recent US festival performance, which involved vomiting performance artist Millie Brown.
Equal parts playwright, actor, singer-songwriter, cabaret performer, performance artist, and occasional director and producer, his works range from solo pieces, to interactive works for young audiences, to the Obie-winning, 40-person, five-hour, five-act fantasy epic The Lily's Revenge.
Australian performance artist Stelios Arcadiou - known as Stelarc - wired his right arm to a muscle stimulator as part of his Extract/Insert exhibition at the Herbert Art Gallery and Museum.
Performance artist Tony Orrico presented his latest work, Penwald 2: 8 Circles in the Atrium of the Keck Center on May 20, 2010.

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