Seeds were small (2.7-3.0 mm long), dark, orbicular-elongated in shape, with horseshoes and a persistent, marbled perianth. Plants matured before cultivated plants, seeds rapidly dehisced from plants, and seed germination was usually slow and unequal.
In between Chekosarai and Jalalabad we discovered among the wild hemp a peculiar race with light-coloured, small seeds, and with a thin perianth easily taken away (f.
Seed was described in an either-or duality: Seed size was either small (2.7-3.0 mm) or medium (3.0-4.0 mm), seed color was either dark or light, seed shape was either orbicular-elongate or orbicular, the seed perianth was either persistant or easily removed, the seed base either with or without a horseshoe.
afghanica, with larger achenes that were light colored ("white"), and a colorless involcre (perianth?), with little or no "horseshoe" (Fig.
Achene/spikelet as intact unit Kyllinga spikelet as intact unit Kyllingiella Achene Lipocarpha spikelet as intact unit Oxycaryum Ashen Pycreus Achene Queenslandiella Spikelet as intact unit Remirea Spikelet as intact unit Sphaerocyperus spikelet as intact unit Volkiella spikelet as intact unit Ficinia Clade Dracoscirpoides Achene Erioscirpus Achene with perianth
hairs Ficinia Achene Hellmuthia Achene Isolepis Achene Scirpoides Achene (a) Only few species (b) In Dracoscirpoides falsa Table 2 Main flower characters in Cypereae Taxon Perianth
Gynophore Cyperus Clade Alinula Absent Absent (b) Androtrichum Absent Absent Ascolepis Absent Absent Courtoisina Absent Absent Cyperus s.s.