Activation of fibrinolysis in the pericardial cavity
after cardiopulmonary bypass.
Similarly, pneumopericardium has an air column below the level of the aortic arch, forming a halo sign in the pericardial cavity
while pneumomediastinum forms a triangular air sign behind the sternum [15,19].
Access to the pericardial cavity
of the heart is necessary when performing complex cardiac ablations and left atrial appendage closures, among other procedures.
The two-dimensional echocardiogram revealed a moderate reduction in systolic left ventricular (LV) function and a complex neoplastic mass in pericardial cavity
. Second echocardiography performed in another center raised suspicion of pseudo aneurysm of posterolateral ventricle wall.
The auscultation may find a mill-wheel" murmur arising from the heart beating in a pericardial cavity
filled with air and fluid.6The radiographic findings of pneumopericardium may present the small heart sign" the flattened heart sign" the halo sign" outlined by air surrounding the compressed heart.78 The CT scan is considerably sensitive to disclose the presence of little indiscernible gas by chest X-ray.
In addition, along with the increased pericardial pressure caused by the accumulation of blood in the pericardial cavity
due to ongoing bleeding, local myocardial perfusion pressure is also gradually decreased.
The intervention through transverse diaphragmotomy, circular diaphragmotomy, and isolation of the IVC in the pericardial cavity
was graded as "risky" in 80%, 62.9%, and 82.9% of cases, respectively.
In decapod Crustacea, neuromodulators are released into the hemolymph from two major neurosecretory structures: the sinus glands located in the eyestalks, and the pericardial organs (POs) in the pericardial cavity
that surrounds the heart (Alexandrowicz, 1953; Cooke and Sullivan, 1982; Li et al., 2003; Billimoria et al., 2005; Fu et al., 2005).
The diagnosis of hydropneumopericardium requires the application of Shackelford criteria which include (i) high-pitched tympanic percussion note, (ii) loud metallic splashing sound synchronous with heart sounds, and (iii) characteristic chest X-ray with an air-fluid level in the pericardial cavity
On echocardiographic examination, a large effusion and dense fibrous bands were detected in pericardial cavity
. A diagnostic pericardiosynthesis was performed and hemorrhagic fluid was taken.
Additional methods used injections, bypassing external defensive barriers, to provide an exposure directly to the pallial cavity and alternately into the pericardial cavity
2D, I), which is an aperture bearing a ciliated epithelium joining the duct with the pericardial cavity
at the level of the right auricle.