Effusion

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Related to Pericardial effusion: pericarditis

effusion

1. the flow of a gas through a small aperture under pressure, esp when the density is such that the mean distance between molecules is large compared to the diameter of the aperture
2. Med
a. the escape of blood or other fluid into a body cavity or tissue
b. the fluid that has escaped

Effusion

 

the slow leakage of gas through a small aperture. Two cases of effusion are distinguished. In the first case, the diameter of the opening is small compared with the mean free path of the molecules (the pressure in the vessel is very low). In such a case, molecular effusion occurs in which collisions between molecules play no part, and the overall volume of gas escaping per unit time is Effusion, where S is the area of the aperture, μ is the molecular mass of the gas, R is the universal gas constant, T is the absolute temperature of the gas, and p1 and p2 are the gas pressures on the two sides of the aperture. The effusion method of measuring very low pressures (about 10–3–10–4 mm Hg) is based on this case.

In the second case, where the gas pressure is so high that the mean free path is smaller than the diameter of the aperture, the leakage of gas obeys the laws of hydrodynamics. The molecules escape from the aperture in the form of a jet, and the volume of gas discharged per unit time is inversely proportional to the square root of the density of the gas. This law underlies a method of determining the density of gases from the time of their discharge through small apertures (0.10–0.01 mm). However, if the pressure within the vessel is considerably greater than the external pressure, the amount of gas escaping is proportional to the pressure in the vessel.


Effusion

 

the process of lava (magma) pouring out onto the earth’s surface. When the lava cools, effusive rocks are formed, bedded in the form of lava flows and lava sheets. Effusion, one of the manifestations of volcanic activity, is usually accompanied by an explosion, with discharges of small fragments (volcanic ash, sand, or tuff) or large chunks (volcanic bombs and slags). Viscous acidic lava sometimes will not flow, but rather is extended, forming volcanic domes.

effusion

[e′fyü·zhən]
(medicine)
A pouring out of any fluid into a body cavity or tissue.
(physical chemistry)
The movement of a gas through an opening which is small as compared with the average distance which the gas molecules travel between collisions.
(science and technology)
The act or process of leaking or pouring out.
Any material that is effused.
References in periodicals archive ?
FATE aims to evaluate the presence of pericardial effusion and potential myocardium injury that require immediate surgical intervention (LABOVITZ et al.
Thirty five (35) patients underwent open drainage for large postoperative pericardial effusion including 21 male and 14 females (3:2).
Caption: Figure 1: Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrates a large pericardial effusion ((a) apical 4-chamber view and (b) parasternal short axis view) and chest CT shows a large pericardial effusion, bilateral pleural effusions, and atelectasis of the left lower lobe (c).
Pericardial effusion is identified as a hypoechoic image between the hyperechoic pericardial blades (Fig.
Myxedema and pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade (a case report).
Pericardial effusion in patients with HIV infection could be related with infections by opportunistic agents or malignant neoplasms, but more frequently the etiology is unknown.
While pericardial cysts can grow slowly over time, rapid temporal or positional change in size should raise the question of pericardial diverticulum or loculated pericardial effusion in the setting of adhesions.
Moderate pericardial effusion with a Hounsfield unit of 12 was observed, suggesting protein or cellular content.
Malignant pericardial effusions often are undiagnosed in patients with ca, although as many as 10-15% of patients with ca will have some degree of pericardial effusion at autopsy, [sup][15] and some patients with otherwise treatable ca succumb to undiagnosed pericardial effusion.
In our case the aneurysm was partly thrombosed and moderate volume pericardial effusion suggested leakage of aneurysm.
1996) Pericardioscopy in the etiologic diagnosis of pericardial effusion in 141 consecutive patients.
3) revealed an ill-defined mediastinal mass, enlarged pre-tracheal and para-bronchial lymph nodes, moderate pericardial effusion, concentric thickening of left ventricular wall and impaired contractility.