pericarp


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Related to pericarp: exocarp, endocarp, mesocarp

pericarp

1. the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi

Pericarp

 

the wall surrounding the seed of a plant. It develops from the embryo, sometimes with the other organs attached to it that make up the flower (for example, the perianth). The pericarp comprises the epicarp, endocarp, and mesocarp. The epicarp develops from the outer epidermis, the endocarp from the inner epidermis, and the mesocarp from the mesophyll of the carpel. If the mesophyll is differentiated into various tissues, then there is an exomesocarp (for example, the succulent part of a cherry) and a mesendocarp (the pit). The pericarp’s consistency is used in the classification of fruits (for example, dry or juicy) and helps identify fruits as being nuts, berries, or drupes.

pericarp

[′per·ə‚kärp]
(botany)
The wall of a fruit, developed by ripening and modification of the ovarian wall.
References in periodicals archive ?
Four replicates with 12 cypselae or excised seeds of each type were placed in 50 mm Petri dishes lined with one layer of filter paper to favor the pericarp leachate diffusion.
The fruits have an intact, shriveled pericarp, and none of them have been physically cleaned or sectioned to show clearly the endocarp characters, but one specimen was examined by micro-CT scan (Fig.
The mass percentages obtained after separation of the Tung's parts were: 46.32 for the shell (pericarp), 24.83 for the seed coat and 28.85% for the seeds.
Pseudostellaria heterophylla root tuber (Tai Zi Shen), Dioscorea opposita rhizome (Shan Yao), Hordeum vulgare fruit (Mai Ya), Crataegus pinnatifida fruit (Shan Zha), and Citrus reticulata pericarp (Chen Pi) contained in JT are useful for digestion, anorexia, abdominal distension, invigorating the stomach, and restoring tone to the spleen.
These compounds have been especially rich in pigmented rice (black or red pericarp) (Kehrer, 1993).
Aflatoxins and fumonisins are not uniformly distributed in maize kernels and higher concentrations tend to be found in germ and bran fractions produced by dry milling due to the presence of the pericarp in these fractions.
Bio-wood is a commercial product made from on Anacardium pericarp being markted by Kanzo AG, Pakistan.
All parts of the mangosteen, including the seed, pericarp, leaves, and bark, have long been used for medicinal purposes such as treatment of skin infections and diarrhea.