pericarp

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Related to pericarps: endocarp, epicarp, exocarp

pericarp

1. the part of a fruit enclosing the seeds that develops from the wall of the ovary
2. a layer of tissue around the reproductive bodies of some algae and fungi

Pericarp

 

the wall surrounding the seed of a plant. It develops from the embryo, sometimes with the other organs attached to it that make up the flower (for example, the perianth). The pericarp comprises the epicarp, endocarp, and mesocarp. The epicarp develops from the outer epidermis, the endocarp from the inner epidermis, and the mesocarp from the mesophyll of the carpel. If the mesophyll is differentiated into various tissues, then there is an exomesocarp (for example, the succulent part of a cherry) and a mesendocarp (the pit). The pericarp’s consistency is used in the classification of fruits (for example, dry or juicy) and helps identify fruits as being nuts, berries, or drupes.

pericarp

[′per·ə‚kärp]
(botany)
The wall of a fruit, developed by ripening and modification of the ovarian wall.
References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, our results suggest for the first time that extract from mangosteen pericarp can augment the antioxidant system within human RBCs, probably due to its ability to neutralize ROS.
This result provides further supporting evidence in human subjects of the antioxidant property of extract from mangosteen pericarp.
We have demonstrated for the first time in human subjects that the polar fraction of extract from mangosteen pericarp is adequately safe for oral administration for up to 24 weeks.
alpha]-mangostin extracted from the pericarp of the mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn) reduces tumor growth and lymph node metastasis in an immunocompetent xenograft model of metastatic mammary cancer carrying a p53 mutation," BMC Medicine, vol.
e] were 215 for seed oil concentration, 540 for 100-seed weight and seed length, width, and depth, and 237 for kernel and pericarp weight and kernel-to-pericarp weight ratio.
Oil concentration was negatively genetically correlated with pericarp weight (-0.
QTL for sl, sw, and sd on LG 5 and 16 had positive additive effects (alleles from the high-oil parent increased seed length, width, and depth), as was observed for overlapping swt, kwt, and pwt QTL on LG 5 and 16 where alleles from the high-oil parent increased 100-seed, kernel, and pericarp weight.
05) was lowest for kernel-to- pericarp weight ratio (six), next lowest for seed oil concentration (nine), and greatest for 100-seed weight (33) (Fig.
The second group was placed in a different compartment, 6 white mice was administered mangosteen pericarp extract and was also exposed to radiation (Treatment with Exposure - T1Rn).
The amount of mangosteen pericarp extract during the 2 hours maceration was about 0.
Twelve (12) of which were administered with mangosteen pericarp extract as the treatment groups.
The other 6 white mice was fed with mangosteen pericarp extracts but was not exposed to radiation.