Periostitis


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periostitis

[‚per·ē‚ä′stīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the periosteum.

Periostitis

 

an acute or chronic inflammation of the periosteum, most often of infectious origin. Periostitis of short duration develops when there is contusion of an area of bone unprotected by subcutaneous tissue. Periostitis may be a symptom of osteomyelitis or other disease of the bone. It is accompanied by fever, local heat, pain, swelling, and reddening in the affected area. X-ray examination sometimes reveals a thickening of the periosteum. Treatment includes rest, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents, and physiotherapy. Surgical treatment is rarely used.

References in periodicals archive ?
Medial tibial stress syndrome also known as tibial periostitis or the shin splints is a clinical entity which comprises of diffuse tenderness in distal posteromedial aspect of the tibia/tibiae20.
The diagnosis of PHOA is based on typical clinical features of clubbing of digits and distal periostitis of long bones associated with pachydermia.
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is an uncommon condition in children, consisting of a triad of digital clubbing, non-inflammatory joint effusions and radiographic evidence of periostitis affecting the hands, feet and distal long bones.
Igualmente se pueden presentar sintomas generales en la fase secundaria como fiebre, irritacion faringea, perdida de peso, malestar general, anorexia, cefalea y meningismo; pudiendo verse tambien manifestaciones graves como meningitis aguda, hepatitis, nefropatia, gastritis hipertrofica, proctitis, colitis ulcerosa, artritis y periostitis.
Dentro de las complicaciones de la cirugia, la abcedacion de la sutura de la piel, dehiscencia de la herida y periostitis de la sutura, secuestros oseos de los huesos faciales, formacion de placas fungicas en senos [6, 11, 12, 21, 23-25].
La periostitis diafisiaria es asintomatica y los cambios radiograficos generalmente se aprecian despues de los tres meses de edad.
Considering the multiplicity of related lesions, we used only the radiograph reports that were distributed in three categories of lesions, as follows: periostitis of the third metacarpal bone (46%), periostitis of metacarpo-phalangeal joint (18%) and mild carpal fractures (25%).
As seen in the radiograph above, the lesion should have well-defined borders, with no signs of periostitis, cortical breakthrough, soft tissue mass, or edema around the lesion
Regional distribution and diagnosis of injuries U15 U17 U18 Total # % # % # % # % Regional distribution Body region: head 4 4 5 4 Eye - 2 - 2 Unconscious 1 2 - 3 Fracture 2 1 3 6 Body region: upper 25 26 21 24 limbs Dislocation 5 5 2 12 Joint 6 1 5 12 Fracture 8 2 2 12 Muscle 13 17 6 36 Body region: back 31 34 35 33 and trunk Stress fracture 14 9 10 33 Muscle 30 28 20 78 Body region: lower 40 36 39 39 limbs Tendon 11 5 3 19 Ligament 15 14 14 43 Muscle 27 23 20 70 Joint 11 4 - 15 Diagnosis Muscle strain 44 55 33 132 31 Sprain 32 26 16 74 17 Fracture 11 6 9 26 6 Stress fracture 12 14 12 38 9 Dislocation 5 7 1 13 3 Ruptures and 7 10 7 24 6 tendinopathy Periostitis 2 4 1 7 2 Lacerations and 3 2 6 11 3 haematomas Trigger points 5 1 - 6 1 Other trauma 18 6 7 31 7 Other 27 17 19 63 15
Trochanteric Bursitis - Painful periostitis of the outer femur (Hip) ?
Asi, tenemos necropolis altoimperiales --como la de Urbino--que evidencian unas malas condiciones de vida, pues lesiones oseas como las artritis como consecuencia de actividades fisicas exigentes y continuadas en el tiempo, traumatismos por accidentes y/o agresiones, periostitis debidas a infecciones no especificas, lesiones poroticas e hipoplasias de esmalte, son indicativas de la existencia de presion ambiental y malnutricion (120).
Repetitive eccentric contractions of the soleus muscle can cause fasciitis or periostitis along the insertion site (Michael and Holder, 1985).