peripheral nervous system


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peripheral nervous system:

see nervous systemnervous system,
network of specialized tissue that controls actions and reactions of the body and its adjustment to the environment. Virtually all members of the animal kingdom have at least a rudimentary nervous system.
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peripheral nervous system

[pə′rif·ə·rəl ′nər·vəs ‚sis·təm]
(neuroscience)
The autonomic nervous system, the cranial nerves, and the spinal nerves including their associated sensory receptors.
References in periodicals archive ?
The prevalence of the central and peripheral nervous system dysfunction is reported to range from 37% to 95%, depending on the diagnostic criteria and sampling methods used (49-54).
"If I was a patient and I was feeling pain or experiencing neuropathy, the prized pain drug for me would target the peripheral nervous system neurons, but do nothing to the central nervous system, thus avoiding non-addictive drug side effects," said Bhatia.
Early signs of the disorder often present in the peripheral nervous system, causing individuals with this disorder to have problems walking.
Aging is associated with protein damage and imbalance in redox status in a variety of cells and tissues, yet little is known about the extent of age-related oxidative stress in the peripheral nervous system. Previously, we showed a drastic decline in the expression of glial and neuronal proteins in myelinated peripheral nerves with age, which is significantly ameliorated by lifelong calorie restriction.
It starts in Chapter 1 by describing the peripheral nervous system and its embryology.
The CeNeRx compounds were specifically designed so their activity is restricted to the peripheral nervous system, with minimal or no central nervous system activity.
However, his career came to a halt when he contracted Guillain Barre syndrome - an acute disease of the peripheral nervous system in which the nerves in arms and legs become inflamed and stop working.
Embryos were stained with markers to the CNS, peripheral nervous system or trachea lumen and patterns were compared to controls.
The 12 articles here address sources of exposure ranging from recreational drugs to industrial chemicals, including MDMA (Ecstasy) and its effects on serotonin, certain pesticides and chemical warfare agents and their ability to induce muscle paralysis, local anesthetics and their possible link to ischemic injury or Alzheimer's Disease, alcohol and peripheral neuropathy, the deposition of amyloid peptides and Alzheimer's Disease, 3-nitropropionic acid and symptoms similar to Huntington's Chorea, antineoplastic drugs and damage to the peripheral nervous system, side effects of chemotherapy, cefepime-induced encephalopathy, simulation of Parkinson's Disease, and the effects of overexposure to manganese.
In both crayfish and insects, GLU is a principal excitatory transmitter in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) at neuromuscular contacts, and physiological and pharmacological experiments showed the presence of ionotropic (N-methyl-D-aspartate [NMDA] and kainate) glutamate receptors (Usherwood, 1994; Shupliakov et al., 1995; Walker, 1996; Aonuma et al., 1998; Ha et al., 2006).
Projects will address a range of neuroscience issues, including systems neurobiology (the study of the complex linkages of nerves in the brain and peripheral nervous system), developmental neurobiology (examining growth and migration of cells in the developing brain, including stem cells), specific neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, as well as normal degenerative processes associated with aging, and use of stem cells for regenerating nerve cells lost due to disease and trauma.
To the Editor: Lyme disease is a multisystem disorder associated with skin, myocardial, musculoskeletal, and central and peripheral nervous system manifestations caused by infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato spirochetes (1).

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