may occur in 5-36% of cases, presenting with exudation and vascular sheathing due to the accumulation of irflammatory cells.
Cystoid macular oedema (CMO) occurs in 25% of cases, (11) and other findings may include neovascularisation involving the peripheral retina or optic disc, periphlebitis
and optic disc swelling.
Less common features included exudative retinal detachment, anterior uveitis, periphlebitis
, branch retinal vein occlusion, and vitreous hemorrhage.
as the initial clinical finding in a patient with Hodgkin's disease.
Another possibility is periphlebitis
of the retinal blood vessels related to systemic tuberculosis.
and endovasculitis of retinal vessels.
The presence of periphlebitis
, anterior uveitis, and macular edema indicate a hyperpermeable and inflammatory process.
Intracranial dehiscence of otogenic origin leads to chronic erosion and thrombophlebitis or periphlebitis
Kinyas and Esgin share their management of intermediate uveitis and retinal periphlebitis
in a 40-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis 12 years earlier and had been treated with interferon beta-1a for the previous 7 years.