Periphrasis

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Periphrasis

 

(1) In stylistics and poetics, a trope expressing one concept by means of several. Periphrases of varying complexity are possible, from the simplest (“he sank into sleep” instead of “he fell asleep”) to the most complex; the latter approach metonymy, personification, and other tropes. An example is N. V. Gogol’s rendering of “a gray moustache” as “a long moustache powdered by that inexorable barber who, uninvited, appears to both the beautiful and the ugly and who for several thousand years now has been forcibly powdering the whole human race.” A particular type of periphrasis is euphemism, descriptive expression of “low” or “forbidden” concepts (“the evil one” instead of “the devil”). Periphrasis should not be confused with paraphrase.

(2) Sometimes periphrasis refers also to perepev, a type of parody in which the object of satire is not the form of the work parodied but its new content. An example is N. A. Nekrasov’s parody of M. Iu. Lermontov’s “Spi, mladenets moi prekrasnyi” (“Sleep, my beautiful child”) as “Spi, postrel, poka bezvrednyi!” (“Sleep, my little imp, and harmless yet!”).

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The usage of the verbal -ne and the periphrastic construction -mE + Px + suas were compared in contemporary Mari online media and literature.
Specifically, we used lexical and periphrastic constructions as verbal instructions in a visual causal judgment task and observed the hemodynamic activity in Brocas area during the processing of visual causal and non-causal events that followed the verbal instructions.
With regard to the data from Puerto Rican Spanish, the interviewees also prefer dynamic predicates in periphrastic constructions with -ndo (81%) (Table 5).
In my view, a low degree of conceptual integration between the component parts of the periphrastic construction does not necessarily entail adjectivisation of the participle.
Silic and Pranjkovic's (2005: 188-189) set reveals that their choice of periphrastic verbs covers a much wider range of usages and structures than the proposed set of prototypical light verb constructions we opted for initially, as well as there are many constructions for which there obtains no equivalent single verb form, e.g.
While stative verbs like want and think do not take the progressive form in Standard English, they must be expressed by the periphrastic construction in Scottish Gaelic, when used in the present tense; 'This gives us one reason to retreat from the use of the term 'progressive' for the periphrastic construction' (Ramchand 1997: 24).
a combination of a verb with a particular type of non-finite complement can acquire an aspectual or temporal meaning, giving rise to a new periphrastic construction), they can become more productive (e.g.
Beholden to both histories, "Cinquecento Jewelry" appears bewilderingly periphrastic except as an instance of the situation of workmanship under pressures from both classic and emerging meanings.
In the impersonal reflexive the clitic bears the subject grammatical function, but in the reflexive passive it is associated with a different one, much in the same way as the subject of a transitive sentence can also be realized as an oblique (a prepositional phrase headed by por 'by' in Spanish) in periphrastic passives.
Other linguistic features discussed are, e.g., word order, vocabulary and phraseology, similes, periphrastic expressions, and vocabulary (types of camels, pedigree and qualities of camels, types of falcon, types of rain and rainbringing clouds, and words for different pastures, hills and mountains).
His "defective" answer notwithstanding, Bloom gets away by substituting the missing information with "a periphrastic version of the general text" (17.767-68).
Westney, Paul (1995), Modals and Periphrastics in English, an Investigation into the Semantic Correspondence between Certain English Modal Verbs and their Periphrastic Equivalents, Tubinga, Alemania, Niemeyer.