Periphrasis

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Periphrasis

 

(1) In stylistics and poetics, a trope expressing one concept by means of several. Periphrases of varying complexity are possible, from the simplest (“he sank into sleep” instead of “he fell asleep”) to the most complex; the latter approach metonymy, personification, and other tropes. An example is N. V. Gogol’s rendering of “a gray moustache” as “a long moustache powdered by that inexorable barber who, uninvited, appears to both the beautiful and the ugly and who for several thousand years now has been forcibly powdering the whole human race.” A particular type of periphrasis is euphemism, descriptive expression of “low” or “forbidden” concepts (“the evil one” instead of “the devil”). Periphrasis should not be confused with paraphrase.

(2) Sometimes periphrasis refers also to perepev, a type of parody in which the object of satire is not the form of the work parodied but its new content. An example is N. A. Nekrasov’s parody of M. Iu. Lermontov’s “Spi, mladenets moi prekrasnyi” (“Sleep, my beautiful child”) as “Spi, postrel, poka bezvrednyi!” (“Sleep, my little imp, and harmless yet!”).

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
Because of the challenges they pose, these two periphrastic verbal constructions are very interesting from the point of view of the development of computational grammars.
Although it is recorded in a variety of morphosyntactic contexts, it most often occurs in periphrastic affirmative statements, as in examples 31 and 32, as well as in Figure 3 (that doo me blame) and Figure 4 (Most things doth excell) in section 3.
TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 'resembling') as 'adjectival' instead of 'situation-fixing', meaning that they are not periphrastic, hence adjectivised.
Silic and Pranjkovic's (2005: 188-189) set reveals that their choice of periphrastic verbs covers a much wider range of usages and structures than the proposed set of prototypical light verb constructions we opted for initially, as well as there are many constructions for which there obtains no equivalent single verb form, e.
While stative verbs like want and think do not take the progressive form in Standard English, they must be expressed by the periphrastic construction in Scottish Gaelic, when used in the present tense; 'This gives us one reason to retreat from the use of the term 'progressive' for the periphrastic construction' (Ramchand 1997: 24).
The two most commonly studied syntactic structures that describe causal relations involve lexical and periphrastic sentences.
a combination of a verb with a particular type of non-finite complement can acquire an aspectual or temporal meaning, giving rise to a new periphrastic construction), they can become more productive (e.
The text's desultory chronicle and its periphrastic construction--Symonds names, in particular, "suspended" effects and "passionate aposiopeses" (50)--represent how impressions operated like quicksilver on Cellini's "eagerly observant nature" (43).
In a periphrastic passive, where the agent is not realized as a subject either, the value of its [r] feature is set to [+].
Westney, Paul (1995), Modals and Periphrastics in English, an Investigation into the Semantic Correspondence between Certain English Modal Verbs and their Periphrastic Equivalents, Tubinga, Alemania, Niemeyer.
The cobweb is woven "as no man could weave it," but this cannot be (as, in another context, it would be) a periphrastic assertion that God wove it.
His analysis of these works leads him to posit what he calls a periphrastic realism, the notion that imitation of reality is indirect, mediated by metafiction--and that Don Quixote is about the perception of reality.