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Related to Perisperm: funiculus, pericarp, nucellus


In a seed, the nutritive tissue that is derived from the nucellus and deposited on the outside of the embryo sac.



reserve nutritive tissue in a seed used by the embryo in sprouting. Functionally, the perisperm is similar to the endosperm. However, it forms from the nucellus and has a diploid, and not triploid, chromosomal set. In addition, it lacks proteins and contains chiefly starch and, less commonly, fat. Perisperm characterizes plants of the families Caryophyllaceae, and Zingiberaceae, Piperaceae, and Nymphaeaceae. Among gymnosperms, it is found in Gneticae and Taxaceae. The perisperm constitutes all or part of the reserve tissue. When it forms only part of the seed’s reserve, it develops parallel with the endosperm.

References in periodicals archive ?
Arnott (1962) recorded a perisperm entirely surrounding the embryo in seeds of Yucca (Agavaceae), rather similar to that described for Eriospermum (Lu, 1985).
Perisperm is sometimes entirely compressed in the mature seed, only the cell walls remaining (e.
This develops into a distinct region of thin-walled cells immediately adjacent to the megagametophyte; it is possibly a storage tissue, and therefore perisperm.
Since this is entirely nucellar in origin, this tissue is probably a perisperm, not a chalazosperm (Rudall, 1994).
Although all the the former examples of perisperm are derived from subdermal tissues, in Acorus the perisperm is dermal.
Perisperm and chalazosperm are not homologous structures.