peritoneal cavity


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Related to peritoneal cavity: ascites, Peritoneal cavity fluid

peritoneal cavity

[¦per·ə·tə¦nē·əl ′kav·əd·ē]
(anatomy)
The potential space between the visceral and parietal layers of the peritoneum.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because rupture of an hepatic hydatid cyst into the peritoneal cavity can lead to an acute abdomen with chemical or bacterial peritonitis, it can be fatal without appropriate surgical management.
Some investigators think that peritoneal mucin deposits are the consequence of appendiceal rupture and spillage of mucin and "adenomatous" epithelium into the peritoneal cavity, rather than carcinoma.
Special care was taken to cut through the dermis and only partially through the muscle, but not into the peritoneal cavity.
Omental pregnancy, an extremely rare form of abdominal pregnancy, can be either primary or secondary to a tubal pregnancy that aborts out of the fimbria and reimplants in the peritoneal cavity.
A catheter is surgically placed in the abdomen and inserted into the peritoneal cavity.
In the laparoscopic surgery group, 3% experienced insufflation of the peritoneal cavity that required decompression with use of a Veress needle.
The specially engineered COGNIShunt diverts CSF from the brain to the peritoneal cavity, where the CSF is subsequently absorbed by the body.
Thus, molecules with an increased size and hydrophilic nature will not penetrate the mesothelium easily, resulting in much larger concentrations in the peritoneal cavity with minimal systemic effect (7, 8).
In PD, the dialysis fluid is placed into the peritoneal cavity for a variable period of time so that it can be in contact with the body's natural dialyzer, the peritoneal membrane.
He said: "The appendix when it is inflamed ruptures and pus gathers in the peritoneal cavity.
28 Nature that one class of B cells, B-1, continues to reshuffle its genes in the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen.
The most serious complication is rupture of the diverticulum into the peritoneal cavity, producing peritonitis (inflammation in the abdominal cavity) from the feces pouring in from the colon--which, like a ruptured appendix, requires immediate emergency surgery.