perjury

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perjury

(pûr`jərē), in criminal law, the act of willfully and knowingly stating a falsehood under oath or under affirmation in judicial or administrative proceedings. If the person accused of perjury had any probable cause for his belief that the statement he made was true, then he is not guilty of perjury. In U.S. federal law, and in most states, a false statement must be material to a point of inquiry in order to constitute perjury. Perjury is a crime and may be punished by fine or imprisonment. One can retract false testimony in the course of a criminal procedure without committing perjury. The crime of inducing another person to commit perjury is called subornation of perjury.

Perjury

 

according to Soviet law, a crime that involves the deliberate concealment of facts or conscious distortion of the truth by a witness or victim in court or during the preliminary investigation of the crime. Perjury may result in conviction of an innocent person or acquittal of a criminal. A deliberately false opinion by an expert or a deliberately incorrect translation by an interpreter are equivalent to perjury (art. 181 of the RSFSR Criminal Code and the corresponding articles of the criminal codes of the other Union republics).

Perjury is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to one year or correctional labor for the same period. If the perjury is connected with an accusation of a particularly dangerous state crime or other grave crime or with fabrication of evidence to support the accusation or if it is given for a mercenary purpose, it is punishable by deprivation of freedom for two to seven years. According to Article 181 of the Criminal Code, the defendant is not criminally responsible for perjury, but any attempt by him to distort the truth is considered by the court in setting the punishment for the crime for which he is being tried.

Perjury

See also Deceit.
Hiss, Alger (1904–)
imprisoned for perjury during espionage hearings. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1247]
Oakes
rancher, remembered for his untrustworthy court testimony. [Australian Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 771]
Philip, King
worships “tickling Commodity”; perjures himself. [Br. Lit.: King John]

perjury

Criminal law the offence committed by a witness in judicial proceedings who, having been lawfully sworn or having affirmed, wilfully gives false evidence
References in periodicals archive ?
Set against a brooding indigo blue sky and in a perfect multi-purpose timber framed set we see the calumny which leads to the hounding and finally the murder of John Proctor and harmless old women who refuse to perjure their consciences with false confes sions.
Even his most ardent supporters winced at the way he had been ready to allow his daughter to perjure herself for him.
THOSE who dare to perjure themselves leave an indelible stain on the fabric of our legal system.
And they cannot perjure themselves when they appear before the senators,' he said.
It pointed out, "Protecting the Constitution means adherence to all its articles without arbitrary interpretation, this is a sacred task he adhered to whoever took the oath of protecting the state's law as President, law maker and members of the government, and whoever contests a Constitutional article means he perjures the oath and disavowing their responsibilities before voters."
-Lebanese figures: Prosecuting perjures constitute a critical status on Lebanon's destiny.
No less a case in point were the parallel treatments accorded by Miramax to Paul Auster and Wayne Wang's Smoke, with its flattering view of good-hearted middle-class whites saving the souls of poor blacks in Brooklyn, and The Glass Shield, which sorrowfully and persuasively demonstrates the price to be paid when a black rookie cop in L.A., desperate for acceptance in an all-white precinct, perjures another black man.
Witness for the Prosecution was first performed in 1953 and was later made into a film starring Marlene Dietrich, It tells the story of a woman who perjures herself to try and get her husband off a murder charge.
And he is joined by his mother who perjures herself to defend her son.