perjury


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Related to perjury: Suborning Perjury

perjury

(pûr`jərē), in criminal law, the act of willfully and knowingly stating a falsehood under oath or under affirmation in judicial or administrative proceedings. If the person accused of perjury had any probable cause for his belief that the statement he made was true, then he is not guilty of perjury. In U.S. federal law, and in most states, a false statement must be material to a point of inquiry in order to constitute perjury. Perjury is a crime and may be punished by fine or imprisonment. One can retract false testimony in the course of a criminal procedure without committing perjury. The crime of inducing another person to commit perjury is called subornation of perjury.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Perjury

 

according to Soviet law, a crime that involves the deliberate concealment of facts or conscious distortion of the truth by a witness or victim in court or during the preliminary investigation of the crime. Perjury may result in conviction of an innocent person or acquittal of a criminal. A deliberately false opinion by an expert or a deliberately incorrect translation by an interpreter are equivalent to perjury (art. 181 of the RSFSR Criminal Code and the corresponding articles of the criminal codes of the other Union republics).

Perjury is punishable by deprivation of freedom for a period of up to one year or correctional labor for the same period. If the perjury is connected with an accusation of a particularly dangerous state crime or other grave crime or with fabrication of evidence to support the accusation or if it is given for a mercenary purpose, it is punishable by deprivation of freedom for two to seven years. According to Article 181 of the Criminal Code, the defendant is not criminally responsible for perjury, but any attempt by him to distort the truth is considered by the court in setting the punishment for the crime for which he is being tried.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Perjury

See also Deceit.
Hiss, Alger (1904–)
imprisoned for perjury during espionage hearings. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 1247]
Oakes
rancher, remembered for his untrustworthy court testimony. [Australian Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 771]
Philip, King
worships “tickling Commodity”; perjures himself. [Br. Lit.: King John]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

perjury

Criminal law the offence committed by a witness in judicial proceedings who, having been lawfully sworn or having affirmed, wilfully gives false evidence
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Members of Karapatan, RMP and Gabriela also staged a protest to condemn Esperon's perjury complaint while the preliminary investigation was ongoing at the Quezon City Hall of Justice.
That's clear perjury, (They sued the President, me and seven others and so it was discovered that their documentation is fake and that's clear perjury," Esperon told newsmen in a chance interview after the hearing.
The bill also mandates that a person giving false testimony against the defendant in a criminal case shall suffer the same penalty meted out to the defendant and increases the penalty for subornation of perjury.
'Since we decided to take up this challenge, I think till now some 15 eyewitnesses of the murder cases are being tried for committing perjury in the courts of law in different parts of Pakistan,' the chief justice said.
Karapatan insisted their attestations were "made in good faith and borne out of diligence that they are true and correct based on our personal knowledge and/or based on authentic records." "The cynical claim of perjury by a national security adviser deflects on the more fundamental matters and transcendental issues in our petition," it said.
'Let's strengthen the penalties for perjury so that those peddling what we call fake news will be deterred,' Sotto said.
A Bench of Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi, Justice Sanjay Kishan Kaul and Justice KM Joseph had earlier asked the Centre to file affidavit on petitioners' perjury application.
The present Chief Justice of Pakistan Asif Saeed Khan Khosa took over just over two months ago on Jan 18,he has made the fight against perjury a central point of his tenure.
It is the lawyer's duty to ensure his client istelling the truth, and if not and he is associated with the client's perjury, he orshemustsufferthe consequence thereof.
Marvin Hershman, 89, of Riverwoods and Janet Pokryfke, 69, of Mundelein are the two remaining residents charged with two counts of voting more than once and one count of perjury for, authorities said, voting multiple times in 2016.
In court yesterday counsel for Mr Mulhern Hugh Southey claimed the authority originally concluded there was sufficient evidence to prosecute for perjury, but decided against it because of a potentially viable defence that Scappaticci acted out of necessity based on fears for his life.