artery

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Related to peroneal artery: Medial plantar artery, Anterior tibial artery

artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
Careful pedicle dissection and inclusion of the peroneal artery perforators and lesser saphenous vein maximizes flap blood supply and allows the transfer of large skin islands as far distally as the foot.
Her treatment consisted of ligating the peroneal artery and associated vein proximal and distal to the fistula.
3: Stenosis severity grade in CDUS and CTA in Tibio-peroneal trunk, ATA, PTA, Peroneal artery.
Proximal of peroneal artery was reached at deeper regions and by lateral direction; distal of peroneal artery was reached by a lateral incision on the distal fibula.
In those cases were one vessel is resected, simultaneous harvest was done, but the distal peroneal artery is not ligated until the need for a flow through flap was discerned.
Based on the septocutaneous perforator of posterior & anterior tibial artery and peroneal artery skin with fascia as fasciocutaneous flap was raised as superiorly (proximally) based, inferiorly (Distally) based fasciocutaneous flap from the same leg (Ipsilateral) or from the opposite (Contralateral) leg (Cross leg flap).
Posterior Tibial Artery, Dorsalis Paedis Artery (Anterior Tibial Artery) and Perforating Peroneal Artery supplying blood to the head, neck, and body of the talus.
They are supplied by peroneal artery and innervated by the superficial peroneal nerve.
5] Though the success rate of the sural flap is high if the peroneal artery is patent, when the soft-tissue defect is located at the dorsum of the metatarsophalangeal joint, distal marginal necrosis of the flap usually occurs, which is the exact part of the flap that one needs the most.