Perpendicular style


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Perpendicular style,

term given the final period of English Gothic architecture (late 14th–middle 16th cent.) because of the predominating vertical lines of its tracery and paneling. It is also called rectilinear for the prevailing angularity of the designs. The work produced after 1485 is sometimes classified as Tudor styleTudor style,
descriptive of the English architecture and decoration of the first half of the 16th cent., prevailing during the reigns (1485–1558) of Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, and Mary I.
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. The use at the Gloucester Cathedral, about the middle of the 14th cent., of numerous vertical panels of tracery for both windows and walls led to a rapid spread of the style. Its climax was reached in Henry VII's chapel, Westminster (c.1500–1525), where panelings cover both exterior and interior surfaces. At Winchester they cover the whole west front. In some cases church windows were of great size, making the west end practically a wall of glass with mullions running vertically for the entire height. Elaborate traceried fan vaulting was one of the distinctive creations of the style, and roofs of complex open-timber construction were numerous. A number of elaborate chapels were built in this period, especially at Oxford and at Cambridge (where King's College Chapel is a notable example), as well as various academic buildings, such as the divinity school at Oxford (completed 1480).
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Perpendicular style

(1350–1550)
The last and longest phase of Gothic architecture in England, was characterized by a vertical emphasis and elaborate fan vaults displaying perpendicular tracery.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

Perpendicular style, Rectilinear style

The last and longest phase of Gothic architecture in England, ca. 1350–1550, following upon the Decorated style and eventually succeeded by Elizabethan architecture. Characterized by vertical emphasis in structure and frequently elaborate fan vaults. Its final development (1485–1547) is often referred to as Tudor architecture.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Knowle's place of worship was consecrated in 1402 and built in perpendicular style of white and red sandstone; the humble St Swithin's is three centuries younger; it was built after a disastrous fire and (quite rare for churches) is of small red brick.
The church was built in Perpendicular style in 1470 and the 90ft high tower bears evidence aloft of Roundhead shot and nearer the ground bullet marks where the Cavalier prisoners were killed.
The splendid 120ft-high tower was built about 500 years ago in the Perpendicular style and at 9am, noon, 3pm or 6pm and the carillon plays.