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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Once red flags are recognized and MSbP is suspected, the suspected perpetrator should be removed from the situation if possible.
Looking outside of criminal justice in terms of the TR agenda and the potential to outsource court mandated perpetrator interventions to other agencies and organisations.
Most frequently, they are those relatives and friends who "stab you in the back." Why do so many people collaborate with perpetrators of violence?
Participants who answered "yes" to any of the nine screening questions were asked a series of questions about the sexual assault, including questions about their relationship to the perpetrator, other injuries, whether they reported to law enforcement, and aftermath or post-assault effects such as missing time from work or school.
Selicha refers to the empathic understanding of the perpetrator. Selicha, perhaps, is closest to the concept of reconciliation on the part of the victim by relinquishing all internal negativity toward the perpetrator.
Men may be more likely to victim-blame women who are sexually harassed because they are more empathetic with the perpetrators, new research suggests.
But the point regarding his perpetrator status is that, whatever he may become in his current circumstances, the acts for which he is charged were committed in the harsh circumstances of his youth and early adulthood.
'The training will ensure that our officers are in a position to produce watertight evidence before the court to sentence all sexual offence perpetrators,' he said.
The perpetrator doesn't need to silence the victim forever ...
The investigation stated that an employee at a money transfer company provided the perpetrators with inside information about the movements of money transfer employees in charge of filling ATM machines' vaults.
He said other police officers remained at the scene to search for the perpetrator aged 24 of Gweta.