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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Asked about a "clearcut" example of sexual harassment, male students showed greater empathy with the male perpetrator, said researchers from the universities of Exeter, Bath and Queensland, Australia.
The Embassy welcomed Panelo's remarks as it urged relevant departments in the country "to bring the perpetrators to justice through an objective, fair, and thorough investigation and continue to take concrete and effective measures to protect the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese citizens in the Philippines."
Father Ubald Rugirangoga who lost relatives in the parish said a genocide perpetrator can't have peace of mind unless he/she apologizes.
Ongwen's case is unusual in many ways, the most outstanding of which is that he is charged, as an alleged perpetrator, with crimes of which he was himself the victim.
'With the training, no perpetrator will ever go scot-free as we will be in a position to gather evidence from scratch.'
However, Saudi Arabia has repeatedly rejected all the allegations against its Crown Prince, adding that it is committed to bringing the perpetrators to justice.
Further, if a child sexual abuse survivor comes forward after the age of 20 and tries to expose his or her perpetrator, he or she can be sued for slander by the perpetrator if the statute of limitations has passed regardless of how much evidence he or she presents.
The investigation resulted in the indictment of the three perpetrators and their accomplice for the armed robbery of SR850,000 ($221,000).
He urged authorities to hunt down perpetrators regardless of their connections and social status and bring them to court.
On his Twitter account, the Prime Minister said, 'The govt of Sindh must take swift and decisive action against the perpetrators. This is against the teachings of the Quran.'
The minister said that there should be laws that would immediately punish perpetrators of electoral violence, stressing that such laws must be put in place now.