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a person detained on suspicion of having committed a crime or a person to whom a measure of restraint has been applied before the indictment.

Under Soviet law, a person may be detained as a suspect in cases specifically provided for by law (for example, the Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 122). A measure of restraint may be applied to a suspect only in exceptional cases. In such an instance, the indictment must be announced within ten days from the moment that the restraining measure is applied; otherwise, the measure of restraint is canceled. The suspect must be questioned within 24 hours of the moment of detention. The interrogation of a suspect is conducted in accordance with the rules for interrogating an accused person (with the exception of the rules concerning the indictment).

The suspect is granted a number of rights to protect himself. He has the right to know what crime he is suspected of committing; to challenge the investigator, the interpreter, or the person conducting the inquiry; to give explanations; and to present evidence. A suspect may be called upon to participate in an inspection, investigatory experiments, or the verification of testimony at the scene of the crime. He may also be subjected, if necessary, to a forensic medical or psychiatric examination by experts. From the moment that an indictment is given, the suspect becomes the accused.

References in periodicals archive ?
Have perpetrators thought about the levels of stress and anxiety that his partner may experience?
He begins by laying the theological groundwork for his model: reconciliation and restoration for all involved in domestic violence, including the perpetrators.
2001) described criminal profiling as a technique to assess individuals who have exhibited disturbing behaviors and communications based on characteristics of previous perpetrators.
His prolific list of mass murders, perpetrators, detailed descriptions of "ethnic cleansing" and "psychosexual destruction" (modern euphenisms for mass rape, murder, evisceration and other acts of unspeakable brutality performed in front of victims' spouses and children) supports his thesis that the world has become a cornucopia of mass hate.
The parents of a 19-year-old man murdered in December 1999 in Tochigi Prefecture, eastern Japan, filed a damages suit with the Utsunomiya District Court on Monday against the Tochigi prefectural government, the three perpetrators and their parents.
The study reported in this article examined the nature and scope of victimization as experienced by 234 individuals with a diagnosed major mental illness; what types of victimization experiences occurred during their lifetime; what specific victimization experiences these individuals identified as the most troubling; who the perpetrators for these specific victimization experiences were; and what influence demographic and clinical characteristics played in influencing the risk of victimization among this group.
If the investigation cannot begin until the group is well on its way toward the commission of terrorist acts," it declared, "the investigation may come too late to prevent the acts or to identify the perpetrators.
Subsequent sections focus on characteristics of the perpetrators, patterns of victimization, and different versions of individual and collective reactions under different forms of political systems.
In an affinity fraud, the perpetrators say, `You can trust us because we're like you,'" says Susan Wyderko, director of the Securities and Exchange Commission's (SEC) office of investor education and assistance, of the practice in which scam artists use similarities in backgrounds and situations to capture prospective targets.
Certainly, the length of time involved in accomplishing the first step will be dependent on several factors, including the number of perpetrators involved, the location of the perpetrator, the willingness of the perpetrator to talk to authorities, the level of organization among perpetrators and authorities, and the availability of operable communication equipment.
The Baird government is announcing a $60 million program the centerpiece of which will be specialist police squads targeting domestic violence offenders for the first time and perpetrators forced to go through behaviour change programs.