personal construct theory


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personal construct theory

a social psychological theory of PERSONALITY and social perception, part of the school of PHENOMENOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, and based on the notion that each individual develops a unique personal construct system (their personality) made up of interrelated bipolar constructs (e.g. good-bad). This system is used to construe, i.e. anticipate and predict, future events, social and non-social, and therefore presents a model of the person which has been characterized through an analogy to scientific activity. Where prediction fails constructs should be modified or abandoned, though in reality this does not always occur, as in the case of those with stereotypical attitudes.

Personal construct theory has been formulated very precisely by its originator, George Kelly (Kelly, 1955), in terms of a fundamental postulate and eleven elaborative corollaries. Kelly also devised the repertory grid technique to elicit constructs. Individuals identify similarities and differences between triads of elements (e.g. people known to them), each identification being expressed as a construct, and all constructs then being applied to all elements, to generate the full grid. Applications of personal construct theory include psychotherapy and analyses of‘problem’ behaviours such as stuttering and alcoholism.

References in periodicals archive ?
Personal construct theory within psychological constructivism: Precursor or avant-garde?
However, this initial study will demonstrate this novel application of Personal Construct Theory from the perspective of traditional Christianity.
Personal construct theory, deviancy and social work (pp.
Mental models theory brings in a dynamic aspect neglected in Personal Construct Theory by focusing on how people anticipate consequences of possible actions by running `mental models' of a system before taking actual action.
Perspectives in Personal Construct Theory, Academic Press, London, pp.
Personal construct theory can therefore be considered to have met the "test of time" in its own terms, but what is its status from a more external perspective?
One could say it was to some extent in line with the unification trend, because I combined a personal construct theory of change with constructionist ideas about positioning (Davies & Harre, 1990; Harre et al.
The rep grid is rooted in George Kelly's personal construct theory.
From there, Larry Leitner applies his experiential approach to personal construct theory in considering the idea of transpersonal reverence.
Even a superficial glance at personal construct theory shows the salience and importance of the model of person used throughout Kelly's work (Kelly, 1955/1991).
Experiential personal constructivism has elaborated personal construct theory by balancing the cognitive and non-cognitive aspects of the theory.
These groups are based on the clinical approach of Kelly (1955) and personal construct theory (PCT), which "can provide a fertile clinical perspective for the analysis of inter-spousal violence" (Hallschmid, Black, & Checkley, 1983, p.
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