personal construct theory


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personal construct theory

a social psychological theory of PERSONALITY and social perception, part of the school of PHENOMENOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, and based on the notion that each individual develops a unique personal construct system (their personality) made up of interrelated bipolar constructs (e.g. good-bad). This system is used to construe, i.e. anticipate and predict, future events, social and non-social, and therefore presents a model of the person which has been characterized through an analogy to scientific activity. Where prediction fails constructs should be modified or abandoned, though in reality this does not always occur, as in the case of those with stereotypical attitudes.

Personal construct theory has been formulated very precisely by its originator, George Kelly (Kelly, 1955), in terms of a fundamental postulate and eleven elaborative corollaries. Kelly also devised the repertory grid technique to elicit constructs. Individuals identify similarities and differences between triads of elements (e.g. people known to them), each identification being expressed as a construct, and all constructs then being applied to all elements, to generate the full grid. Applications of personal construct theory include psychotherapy and analyses of‘problem’ behaviours such as stuttering and alcoholism.

References in periodicals archive ?
Neimeyer (Eds.), Advances in personal construct theory (Vol.
Bannister (Ed.), New Perspectives in Personal Construct Theory (pp.
From the perspective of Personal Construct Theory these individuals should use personal constructs that reveal the Fruit of the Spirit, and those who are more spiritually mature should use such constructs to make sense of a wider range of events than those who are less spiritually mature.
Personal construct theory: Concepts and applications.
They based their underlying theory on a combination of Personal Construct Theory, mentioned above, and a less developed but ultimately more flexible body of theory, `mental models' (Johnson-Laird, 1983; Rogers et al., 1992).
Personal construct theory can therefore be considered to have met the "test of time" in its own terms, but what is its status from a more external perspective?
Personal construct theory and its history in pragmatism.
From there, Larry Leitner applies his experiential approach to personal construct theory in considering the idea of transpersonal reverence.
The terrors of cognition: On the experiential validity of personal construct theory. In D.
Even a superficial glance at personal construct theory shows the salience and importance of the model of person used throughout Kelly's work (Kelly, 1955/1991).
Landridge & Butt, 2005) have been seeking a more explicit understanding of embodiment within personal construct theory. Experiential personal constructivism has elaborated personal construct theory by balancing the cognitive and non-cognitive aspects of the theory.
These groups are based on the clinical approach of Kelly (1955) and personal construct theory (PCT), which "can provide a fertile clinical perspective for the analysis of inter-spousal violence" (Hallschmid, Black, & Checkley, 1983, p.
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