Personal Injury

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Personal Injury


in law, harm to a man’s person rather than his property, caused by illegal acts. Personal injury includes the lessening of an individual’s dignity, the infliction of mental and physical suffering, and damage to a person’s reputation.

In accordance with Soviet legislation, personal injury is not subject to material compensation. Citizens’ honor and dignity, as personal values, are protected through procedures established by criminal law (seeDEFAMATION and INSULT) and civil law (art. 7 of the Basic Principles of Civil Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics and the corresponding articles of the civil codes of the Union republics).

Foreign legislation permits compensation for personal injury. In some countries, it is permissible only in cases provided by law; in others, there are no such limitations. For example, in accordance with the Civil Code of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, in cases of harm to health, a one-time payment is granted to compensate for physical suffering and decreased work possibilities (sec. 444). The amount of compensation is determined by the court.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

personal injury

In insurance terminology, injury or damage to the character or reputation of a person, as well as bodily injury. Personal injury insurance usually covers such situations as false arrest, malicious prosecution, willful detention or imprisonment, libel, slander, defamation of character, wrongful eviction, invasion of privacy, and wrongful entry. Also See bodily injury.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report, carried out by the Government's Personal Injuries Commission, revealed Ireland has a very high frequency of whiplash.
Bradley was an investment banker and executive whose business endeavors left him embroiled in numerous lawsuits, none of which alleged any personal injuries. The lawsuits surrounded contract violations from the sale and/or purchase of various stocks and options.
104(a)(2) allows damages received for personal injuries to be excluded from gross income.
[sections] 1.104-1(c) defines "damages received on account of personal injuries or sickness" as "an amount received (other than workmen's compensation) rough prosecution of a legal suit or action based upon tort or tort type rights, or through a settlement agreement entered into in lieu of such prosecution." The term "based upon tort or tort type rights' was the subject of the Supreme Court's decision in Burke.
Section 104(a)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code provides that gross income does not include the amount of any damages received (whether by suit or agreement and whether as lump sums or as periodic payments) on account of personal injuries or sickness.
Of the claims submitted, the Personal Injuries Assessment Board made awards in less than half of the cases - 12,966, compared to 11,734 in 2015 - and the biggest was [euro]740,968.
Bus accidents are complicated cases and to prove that a person suffered severe personal injuries due to the negligence of a bus driver requires thorough investigation for the reason that there can be more than one identifiable defendants.
For many years, the association has campaigned to improve standards of service among lawyers acting for victims of personal injuries.
104(a)(1), gross income does not include amounts received under workers' compensation acts for personal injuries or sickness.
Colorado state law characterized the prejudgment interest as compensation for personal injuries.
It is important to remember that personal injuries may be caused by many things including accidents, medical negligence, and even product defects.
104(a)(2), the (1) underlying cause of action must be based on tort or tort-type rights; and (2) resulting damages must be recovered on account of personal injuries or sickness.

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