person

(redirected from personhood)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to personhood: Personhood theory, Corporate personhood

person

1. Law a human being or a corporation recognized in law as having certain rights and obligations
2. Philosophy a being characterized by consciousness, rationality, and a moral sense, and traditionally thought of as consisting of both a body and a mind or soul

Person

 

a linguistic category expressing relationship to participation in the act of speech. It is usually divided into three designations—the first person, indicating the one who is speaking; the second person, meaning the one to whom speech is addressed; and the third person, meaning a nonparticipant in the act of speech.

In many languages of the world (including Mongolian and Dravidian, as well as some Caucasian, African, and American Indian languages) the first-person plural (and dual) permits a distinction of inclusiveness (“we, including you”) and exclusiveness (“we, excluding you”). In a number of languages the expression of the person of the object of action appears regularly in the verb; for example, Koryak tug’etgi, “I awaited you,” and tug’etyn, “I awaited him.”

In the system of personal pronouns person is the main category and can be complexly interwoven with the categories of number, spatial orientation, and others.

In some languages the category of person, being grammatical, is expressed morphologically, primarily in the verb (Russian chitaiu, chitaesh,’ chitaet—”I read,” “you read,” “he reads”). In other languages the verb has one form for different persons (in Danish all the present-tense forms of “read” are laeser and in Malayalam, vāyikkunnu). Sometimes person is also regularly expressed as part of a noun, for example, in Hungarian házam, “my house” and házad, “your house.”

B. IU. GORODETSKII

person

According to most codes: an individual, partnership, corporation, or other legal entity.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the final poem of the series, "Pisces, or, The Fishes," the hardened personhood of the crab is offset by the fluid personhood of the fish.
The other strategy entails pushing state-level constitutional personhood amendments.
At first glance, the Greens' arguments appear to depend on corporate personhood.
As the majority of papers in this volume attest, Marilyn Strathern's The Gender of the Gift (1988), remains one of the pivotal works in studies of gender and personhood in Oceania and beyond.
And the current proposals to end corporate personhood do not claim to save media corporations any more than pharmaceutical or oil companies.
It was the first time in the nation that fetal personhood would appear as a state constitutional amendment on a ballot initiative.
The "state-as-person" school of thought is led by Wendt, who asserts that state personhood is not simply the implication that the state acts "as-if" it were person but rather that the state is an intentional, physical, and conscious organism (Wendt, 2004).
That fundamental expansion of the notion of personhood.
54), she argues, the conceptual basis was laid for the expansion of that legal personhood through circulation in the print 'ephemera' of the gallows.
The idea of communal personhood is derived from the African concept of communalism (or communitarianism).
And next, it argues that Communitarian personhood from an African standpoint provides the virtues of cooperative togetherness, liberty, solidarity, respect etc.