Petechial Fever


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Petechial Fever

 

a disease of horses, cattle, swine, goats, and young dogs that is characterized by extensive edema of the subcutaneous tissues and hemorrhage in the mucosa, muscles, and internal organs. Petechial fever arises as a complication of such infectious diseases as contagious pleuro-pneumonia, pharyngitis, strangles, and mastitis. The predisposing conditions are upper-respiratory-tract infections, overfatigue, renal or cardiovascular insufficiency, and various avitaminoses. It is believed that the disease results from an allergic reaction that occurs in response to bacterial intoxication. In severe cases, cutaneous and mucous ulcers and necroses arise in addition to edema. Extreme swelling affects the head and extremities. Diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical symptoms. Treatment may include the use of intravenous solutions of various preparations, including Congo red, Formalin, and sodium chloride. Antibacterial therapy is also carried out.

REFERENCE

Vnutrennie nezaraznye bolezni sel’skokhoziaistvennykh zhivotnykh, 4th ed. [Edited by I.G. Sharabrin.] Moscow, 1972.

I. M. BELIAEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.