petrifaction


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petrifaction:

see fossilfossil,
remains or imprints of plants or animals preserved from prehistoric times by the operation of natural conditions. Fossils are found in sedimentary rock, asphalt deposits, and coal and sometimes in amber and certain other materials.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Petrifaction

 

the conversion of the remains of animals and plants into fossils as a result of the action of a number of factors: temperature and pressure,- the replacement of skeletal matter by other mineral substances, and the filling of cavities in organic residue by other mineral substances.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

petrifaction

[‚pe·trə′fak·shən]
(geology)
A fossilization process whereby inorganic matter dissolved in water replaces the original organic materials, converting them to a stony substance.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Petrifaction is turning of human, plant or any other object to stone.
The slow and creeping petrifaction that foregrounds insidious processes of geological change and through which reification is figured is replaced by images of war and sudden catastrophe.
If we accept our universe's laws of physics, chemistry, and biology, flying dragons are aerodynamically impossible, invisible cats should have no bodily substance, and one should not expect instant petrifaction of living organisms to happen merely by shouting at them.
The long history of political division led to the petrifaction of local interests and crippled the development of any sense of commonality.
(73) Marxist geographer Doreen Massey observes that attempting to encapsulate temporal things such as the body in a spatial form results in a 'petrifaction' which encourages simplification and defers a confrontation with what Argentine political theorist Ernesto Laclau declares as 'history's ultimate unrepresentability'.
Does Martha now, after the loss of her daughter and her own emotional petrifaction, see a link between herself and the ancient figure of Athena?
The last stage of its petrifaction takes geopolitical and economic forms that sell purity as fake peace (the erasure of Israel, the burial of the genuine original by the imperial fraud).
This can be done by measuring the distance between benevolent criteria and its antithesis such as: development against destruction, peace against war, maturity against tyranny, right against wrong, creativity in return for petrifaction, and closure in return for openness.
Rigidities and automatism emerge--for example, to comic effect--not as the polar opposite of some putative 'pure life' but as instances of petrifaction within the processes generated by the difficult co-implication of subject and Other.
Feminist writer Anna Chave finds much amiss, here, much repeating from an old misogyny, but also laughs: the women hit back, with eyes, with angles, with take-no-prisoners, Medusa-headed terror; the clientele, the bordello-johns, the solicited soliciters offered gendered petrifaction, offered anger like a Matisse in his first viewing, or like the tittering of a Derain or Braque, not knowing how much they disclose in their uncomfortable guffaws (Chave, 263, 267, 271).
The Edwardian melodrama is based on George Bernard Shaw's Passion, Poison and Petrifaction and will be performed in a new English translation by David.
One concern especially common among regionalists was the risk of reducing costume to mere museum piece, and giving sanction through exhibition and encouragement of traditional costume to contrivance, nostalgia or petrifaction. (28) FRF president jean Charles Brun's perspective would prove especially influential in its reconciliation of regional interests with modern economic and political realities; far from seeing costume as merely a holdover from an earlier age, the regionalist emphasized its evolution and adaptation over time.