petrochemical


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petrochemical,

any one of a large group of chemicals derived from a component of petroleum or natural gas. The cracking processes for manufacturing gasoline produce vast quantities of gaseous hydrocarbons. Originally considered waste products suitable only for use as illuminants and fuels, the gases today are manufactured into petrochemical substances widely employed in industry. Important petrochemical compounds are alcohols and aldehydes, butylene, butadiene, ethylene, propylene, toluene, styrene, acetylene, benzene, ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol, acrylonitrile, acetone, acetic acid, acetic anhydride, and ammonia. Materials made from the gases include carbon black, synthetic rubber, polystyrene, polypropylene, and polyethylene. Petrochemicals are widely used in agriculture, in the manufacture of plastics, synthetic fibers, and explosives, and in the aircraft and automobile industries.

petrochemical

1. any substance, such as acetone or ethanol, obtained from petroleum or natural gas
2. of, concerned with, or obtained from petrochemicals or related to petrochemistry
References in periodicals archive ?
Jahangiri, who was speaking in the Southern province of Fars, said that such growth in the petrochemical sector of the country would be unprecedented.
Founded in 2011, Iranian Investment Petrochemical Group Company (IIPGC) is an investment holding company specialized in the petrochemical sector.
Under the leadership of President Rouhani, the share of the petrochemical industry in Iran in terms of production capacity of the main petrochemical products in the Middle East region increased from 22.2 percent to 23.5 percent from 2013 to 2018.
This investment further strengthens the partnership between BASF and Total Petrochemicals, allowing us to continue building supply to meet growing customer demand, while helping the company maintain its competitive position within the petrochemicals industry, said Heather Remley, BASF Senior Vice President, Petrochemicals North America.
Iran's petrochemical output rose by 10 million tonnes per year (mtpy) under President Rouhani in his first term in office, reaching 50.5 mtpy.
Reviewing NPC's current projects, she said: "Phase-II Kavian Petrochemical Complex with an annual production capacity of 1m tons and Phase-II of Morvarid Petrochemical Co.
She said that National Iranian Petrochemical Company (NPC) has signed two deals with Total SA of France and Linde Group of Germany after the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action and is to sign two more such deals with other companies in the near future.
He said that the conference was a rich source of information on contemporary trends in the petrochemical industry such non-conventional energy and feedstock, coal-based petrochemicals and shale gas developments.
"These projects have raised nameplate production of petrochemicals by 2.728 million tons," revealed National Petrochemical Company's managing director Abdolhosain Bayat.
its plant in Dashe Petrochemical Park in Kaohsiung City, southern Taiwan in seven years from now on.
Most of the European petrochemical companies are affected by the financial crisis.
Hamad Rashid AI Mohannadi, vice-chairman and general manager of Qatar Petrochemical Company (Qapco), said that Qatar's petrochemical production is planned to hit some 12m tons a year in the next five years.