Setting the context, Tyra makes a case for the idea that throughout the book of Matthew a generally harsh view of Pharisaism
Rabbinic Judaism is not the opposite to Pharisaism
, but actually in many ways, the inventor after the fact of the Pharisees.
On the spiritual level, his intellectual guide is not Sayyid Qutb (whom he probably never read) but Abou-Hamed Al-Ghazzali (born in Iran in 1058; the Al-Gazel of the Latin scholars, the theorist of an "asceticism" that inspired the "cogito" of Descartes and the author of the admirable Alchemy of Happiness, which was, to the end, Massoud's favorite book and whose spirituality had nothing to do with the ultra-ritualistic pharisaism
of the fundamentalists).
Rather, the oppressor is seen as Pharisaism
or the Jewish priesthood or, more often, just "Judaism" itself: its laws, its beliefs, its traditions, its practices, and even its practitioners, without historical distinction.
Caricatures are only effective if they refer to some behavior that is readily observable, so we have to assume that a spectrum of Pharisaism
reached this self-congratulatory extreme.
I see as you do, the pharisaism
, the conventionality, the false virtues and false glories, all that deception which is inherent in social things .
Remaining faithful to the tradition of the church means being successful in avoiding the Scylla of unmeasured liberalism, modernism and globalism, and the Charybdis of fundamentalism, Pharisaism
, and triumphalism.
He seems to know nothing of the vast New Testament scholarship that has shown how unhistorical this portrait of the Pharisees is and how close Jesus actually was to Pharisaism
In 1927, for instance, Lutheran theologian Paul Althaus warned against the "Jewish threat" while at the same time condemning "anti-Semitic Pharisaism
The response of Pharisaism
was similar to today's Islamists, a return to the Law in their Scripture and a return to the Torah.
How much better if we could get rid of pharisaism
, cynicism and dishonesty in our deals.
within Christianity, the Shia and Sunni divisions of Islam, and Pharisaism
, cabbalism, and Hasidism in the case of Ju-daism, are variants on the fundamental concepts established by Ju-daism.