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(fär'məkəpē`ə), authoritative publication designating the properties, action, use, dosage, and standards of strength and purity of drugs. It is compiled under the supervision of professional, usually governmental, authority, and all manufacture and dispensation of drugs and medications are required to conform to it. The first work of this kind, the Nuremburg Pharmacopoeia, was published in Germany in 1546. Similar volumes appeared from time to time in other cities, but there was a wide variation and the need became apparent to standardize such publications under national direction. The first pharmacopoeia published in the United States was compiled for army use and appeared in Philadelphia in 1778. The United States Pharmacopoeia (USP) was first published in 1820 following a convention of medical societies in Washington, D.C. This compendium became the legal standard in 1906 by enactment of the Food and Drug Act. The USP is brought up to date periodically by a committee of the U.S. Pharmacopoeial Convention; supplements are published as needed. Other nations have similar standardized pharmacopoeias.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a book containing descriptions of medicinal substances and providing standards for the purity and dosage of the substances. The first pharmacopoeia, the Ricettario Fiorentino (Florentine Book of Prescriptions), was issued in Florence in 1498. The first such work in Russia, the Pharmacopoea Rossica, was published in 1778.

The tenth, and current, edition of the official Soviet pharmacopoeia appeared in 1968. The Pharmacopoeia Committee is responsible for the compilation, revision, and reissue of the work, which has the force of law. The pharmacopoeia’s standards for medicinal products are mandatory for all the enterprises and establishments that prepare, store, use, and control these products. The pharmacopoeia includes descriptions of the methods of chemical, physicochemical, and biological analyses of drugs, information on reagents and indicators, a list of toxic drugs (list A), a list of highly potent drugs (list B), and tables of maximum single and daily doses for adults and children.

Many countries have national pharmacopoeias. The World Health Organization publishes Pharmacopoea Internationalis, which, however, lacks legal force.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A book containing a selected list of medicinal substances and their dosage forms, providing also a description and the standards for purity and strength for each.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


(sometimes US), pharmacopeia
an authoritative book containing a list of medicinal drugs with their uses, preparation, dosages, formulas, etc.
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
[6] US Pharmacopeial Convention, The United States Pharmacopeia and TheNational Formulary, US Pharmacopeial Convention, Rockville, Md, USA, 2012.
Indian Pharmacopeia Commission (IPC) is an autonomous institution of Ministry of Health and Welfare, GOI which sets standards of drugs for both human and veterinary in the country.
Recently, Schniepp served as chairwoman of the Monograph Development-Psychiatrics and Psychoactives Expert Committee for United States Pharmacopeia (USP), a non-governmental, official public standards-setting authority for prescription and over-the-counter medicines and other health-care products manufactured or sold in the United States.
He also serves as chair of the Council of Experts, USP's scientific standards-setting body, which continuously revises the United States Pharmacopeia, National Formulary, and Food Chemicals Codex.
Then, in the next issue, we'll look at good laboratory practice guidance for computer validation, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) <1058> analytical instrument qualification and quality management systems for the pharmaceutical industry.
"We are pleased with the progress Wyeth and Pharmacopeia have made in advancing this program," said Joseph A.
The new US Pharmacopeia (USP), European Pharmacopeia (EP) and Japanese Pharmacopeia (JP) harmonized microbial limits test method has been available for some time.
Woodcock said the heparin supply in the United States "is tested and free of this contaminant." The United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and the European Pharmacopeia will be instituting requirements for testing heparin products for this contaminant, she added.
Designed for the cultural historian, the bottle collector, and those interested in pharmacopeia, this book is a guide to the identification and evaluation of embossed, patent, and proprietary medicine bottles produced in an era of American history when anything could legally be bottled and sold.
Pharmacopeia (Princeton, NJ) has identified two new lead compounds for advancement in its alliance with GlaxoSmithKline , through its collaboration with the Center of Excellence for External Drug Discovery (CEEDD).
Researchers collected and analyzed data through a retrospective review of errors resulting from abbreviations as reported to the United States Pharmacopeia's MEDMARX[R], a national database for medication errors, from 2004 through 2006.